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Access to Finance and Its Association with Development in Rural India

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  • Das, Khanindra Ch.
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    Abstract

    Financial development has been correlated with better development outcomes. Even so, the access dimension of financial development has often been overlooked. In this context, the paper throws initial light on the nuances of horizontal inequality in the access to finance from institutional sources and development outcomes such as poverty, educational attainment and standard of living in rural area for Indian states. It is seen that the percentage of rural households getting access to finance from institutional agencies has remained considerably low and there is significant variation across states. More importantly, there is significant amount of horizontal inequality in the access to finance from institutional sources. Interestingly, better access to finance is found to be associated with better development outcomes. The most important finding of the paper is that lower (higher) inequality in the access to finance from institutional sources is associated with better (worse) development outcomes.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 20033.

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    Date of creation: 17 Aug 2009
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    Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:20033

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    Keywords: access to finance; development; horizontal inequality; rural household;

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    1. Gérard Roland, 2004. "Transition and Economics: Politics, Markets, and Firms," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 026268148x, December.
    2. Binswanger, Hans P & McIntire, John, 1987. "Behavioral and Material Determinants of Production Relations in Land-Abundant Tropical Agriculture," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 36(1), pages 73-99, October.
    3. Beck, Thorsten & de la Torre, Augusto, 2006. "The basic analytics of access to financial services," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4026, The World Bank.
    4. Cecilia Garcia-Penalosa & Eve Caroli & Philippe Aghion, 1999. "Inequality and Economic Growth: The Perspective of the New Growth Theories," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 37(4), pages 1615-1660, December.
    5. Beck, T.H.L. & Demirgüç-Kunt, A. & Levine, R., 2007. "Finance, inequality and the poor," Open Access publications from Tilburg University urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-3125426, Tilburg University.
    6. Bhandari, Amit Kumar, 2009. "Access to Banking Services and Poverty Reduction: A State-wise Assessment in India," IZA Discussion Papers 4132, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    7. Khandker, Shahidur R., 2003. "Microfinance and poverty - evidence using panel data from Bangladesh," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2945, The World Bank.
    8. Jacoby, Hanan G & Skoufias, Emmanuel, 1997. "Risk, Financial Markets, and Human Capital in a Developing Country," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 64(3), pages 311-35, July.
    9. Claessens, Stijn & Perotti, Enrico, 2007. "Finance and inequality: Channels and evidence," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 35(4), pages 748-773, December.
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