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A case for including fiscal policies in the Eurostat Labour Market Policy database

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  • Ana Paula Ribeiro

    ()
    (CEMPRE, Faculdade de Economia, Universidade do Porto)

  • Margarida Ruivo

    ()
    (CETE, Faculdade de Economia, Universidade do Porto)

Abstract

In the context of the growing coordination of labour market policies (LMP) implementation within the European Employment Strategy (EES), the Eurostat offers a harmonised database that intends to be a valuable instrument for international comparisons in the field. However, because its tight scope fails to include some important LMP measures, this database has been playing a small role on studies related with the EES as well on those broadly focusing on labour market and employment policies. This paper intends to address, by using meaningful LMP measures - tax credits in the UK, the prime pour l'emploi and general reductions of employers’ social contributions in France -, the importance of having a more comprehensive database, while maintaining its current structure. For that we discuss the aims and the level of targeting defined by the Eurostat and we include, under this framework, an assessment of these measures to illustrate the limits of the database. We conclude that these policies - apparently fitting the broad objectives of the EES - are explicitly targeted to the labour market, aim at improving its efficiency and undoubtedly benefit particular groups. Moreover, they have an important impact in terms of participants and expenditure involved.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto in its series CEF.UP Working Papers with number 0705.

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Length: 25 pages
Date of creation: May 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:por:cetedp:0705

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Keywords: European Employment Strategy; Eurostat Database; Active Labour Market Policies; Tax Credits; Reductions of Social Security Contributions.;

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  1. Richard Blundell & Alan Duncan & Julian McCrae & Costas Meghir, 2000. "The labour market impact of the working families’ tax credit," Fiscal Studies, Institute for Fiscal Studies, vol. 21(1), pages 75-103, March.
  2. Elena G. F. Stancanelli & Henri Sterdyniak, 2004. "Un bilan des études sur la Prime pour l'emploi," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 88(1), pages 17-41.
  3. Bernard Salanié & Guy Laroque, 2000. "Une décomposition du non-emploi en France," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 331(1), pages 47-66.
  4. Richard Blundell & Hilary W. Hoynes, 2004. "Has 'In-Work' Benefit Reform Helped the Labor Market?," NBER Chapters, in: Seeking a Premier Economy: The Economic Effects of British Economic Reforms, 1980-2000, pages 411-460 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. François Legendre & Jean-Paul Lorgnet & Ronan Mahieu & Florence Thibault, 2004. "La Prime pour l'emploi constitue-t-elle un instrument de soutien aux bas revenus ?," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 88(1), pages 43-58.
  6. Blundell, Richard & Meghir, Costas, 2002. "Active labour market policy vs employment tax credits: lessons from recent UK reforms," Working Paper Series 2002:1, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy.
  7. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/5270 is not listed on IDEAS
  8. Yannick L'Horty & Islem Gafsi & Ferhat Mihoubi, 2005. "Réformer les exonérations de cotisations sociales sur les bas salaires," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 19(3), pages 91-116.
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