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Economic Geography, Trade, and War

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  • David H. Bearce

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  • Eric O'N. Fisher

    ()

Abstract

This paper uses computational techniques to explore the relationship between trade and war. It develops and simulates an agent-based model in which trade and military conflict are emergent processes within a system of states. The model explores different initial configurations, and the economic geography evolves endogenously. Simulations of the model show that some of the same factors promoting trade may also engender military conquest, revealing important qualifications to the conventional wisdom that there is an inverse relationship between trade and war.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Ohio State University, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 01-06.

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Date of creation: Feb 2001
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Handle: RePEc:osu:osuewp:01-06

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  1. John J. Wallis & Douglass North, 1986. "Measuring the Transaction Sector in the American Economy, 1870-1970," NBER Chapters, in: Long-Term Factors in American Economic Growth, pages 95-162 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Jeffrey A. Frankel., 1993. "Is Japan Creating a Yen Bloc in East Asia and the Pacific?," Center for International and Development Economics Research (CIDER) Working Papers C93-007, University of California at Berkeley.
  3. Joshua M. Epstein & Robert L. Axtell, 1996. "Growing Artificial Societies: Social Science from the Bottom Up," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262550253, December.
  4. Kenneth L. Judd, 1998. "Numerical Methods in Economics," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262100711, December.
  5. David K. Backus & Patrick J. Kehoe & Finn E. Kydland, 1992. "Dynamics of the trade balance and the terms of trade: the S-curve," Working Paper 9211, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland.
  6. Grieco, Joseph M., 1988. "Anarchy and the limits of cooperation: a realist critique of the newest liberal institutionalism," International Organization, Cambridge University Press, vol. 42(03), pages 485-507, June.
  7. Hirshleifer, Jack, 1995. "Anarchy and Its Breakdown," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 103(1), pages 26-52, February.
  8. Fearon, James D., 1995. "Rationalist explanations for war," International Organization, Cambridge University Press, vol. 49(03), pages 379-414, June.
  9. Buzan, Barry, 1984. "Economic structure and international security: the limits of the liberal Case," International Organization, Cambridge University Press, vol. 38(04), pages 597-624, September.
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Cited by:
  1. Levy, Amnon & Faria, João Ricardo, 2002. "Conflict, Political Structure and Economic Growth in Dual-Population Lands," Economics Working Papers wp02-19, School of Economics, University of Wollongong, NSW, Australia.
  2. Levy, Amnon, 2004. "Trucefully Yours: Hatred and the Prospects of Genuine and Stable Peace," Economics Working Papers wp04-06, School of Economics, University of Wollongong, NSW, Australia.
  3. Thierry Vignolo & Agnès d'Artigues, 2003. "Why Global Integration May Lead to Terrorism: An Evolutionary Theory of Mimetic Rivalry," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 6(11), pages 1-8.

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