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Banking on Development: Private Banks ans Aid Donors in Developing Countries

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Author Info

  • Javier Rodríguez
  • Javier Santiso

Abstract

Over the past decade we have witnessed a double convergence. Aid donors have developed a growing interest in the private sector while private banks have set about creating corporate social responsibility programs, sustainable lending and microfinance programmes. As a consequence, the dialogue between private banks and aid donors has been intensifying, opening new avenues for collaboration. The aim of this paper is to map the potential synergies between private banks and aid donors. A survey of private bank lending towards developing countries is undertaken in order to identify the private banks most active in those economies and provide an analytical tool to help identify the scope for public and private partnerships. We find an international division of labour in bank lending: within the developing world, banks from OECD countries tend to focus their credit on specific regions and countries. This mapping of private bank lending also allows us to pinpoint concrete examples of best practices in private bank and financial actors/aid donors collaborations. We follow by discussing some of the more important cases in the field, and conclude with the potential implications for improved partnerships between private banks and donor organisations. Au cours de ces dix dernières années, nous avons pu observer une double convergence. D’une part, l’intérêt des donneurs d’aide pour le secteur privé s’est accru, et d’autre part, les banques privées ont développé des programmes pour promouvoir la responsabilité sociale des entreprises, le crédit soutenable, et des projets dans le domaine de la microfinance. En conséquence, le dialogue entre les banques privées et les donneurs d’aide s’est intensifié, ce qui laisse entrevoir une collaboration plus étroite à l’avenir. Le but de ce papier est d’évaluer précisément le potentiel de ces synergies entre banques privées et donneurs d’aide. Dans l’objectif de réaliser un outil d’analyse pertinent et d’aider à identifier des partenaires potentiels pour les donneurs d’aide, nous avons conduit une étude des crédits accordés par les banques privées aux pays en développement afin de repérer les institutions financières privées les plus actives au sein de ces économies. Nous montrons qu’il existe une division internationale dans l’activité de prêt des banques : les banques des pays donneurs opèrent une spécialisation régionale dans les pays en développement. La réalisation d’une telle étude de l’activité créditrice des banques privées permet également d’introduire un exercice de repérage des meilleures pratiques, au niveau micro, des projets spécifiques développés conjointement par les banques privées et les donneurs d’aide. Nous dégageons les principaux cas d’étude, dans l’objectif de repérer les meilleures opportunités de coopération internationale et de mise en place de partenariats public/privé entre les banques privées et les donneurs d’aide.

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File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/044646710662
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Development Centre Working Papers with number 263.

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Date of creation: Nov 2007
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Handle: RePEc:oec:devaaa:263-en

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Related research

Keywords: Asia; Latin America; development finance; bank; lending; aid donors; Africa; Donneurs d’aide; Afrique; financement du développement; banque; Asie; crédit; Amérique latine;

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References

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  1. Javier Rodríguez & Javier Santiso, 2007. "Banking on Democracy: The Political Economy of International Private Bank Lending in Emerging Markets," OECD Development Centre Working Papers 259, OECD Publishing.
  2. Cerutti, Eugenio & Dell'Ariccia, Giovanni & Martinez Peria, Maria Soledad, 2005. "How banks go abroad : branches or subsidiaries ?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3753, The World Bank.
  3. Marco Arena & Carmen Reinhart & Francisco Vázquez, 2006. "The Lending Channel in Emerging Economics: Are Foreign Banks Different?," NBER Working Papers 12340, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Philipp Harms & Matthias Lutz, 2006. "Aid, Governance and Private Foreign Investment: Some Puzzling Findings for the 1990s," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 116(513), pages 773-790, 07.
  5. Stijn Claessens & Neeltje Horen, 2014. "Location Decisions of Foreign Banks and Competitor Remoteness," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 46(1), pages 145-170, 02.
  6. repec:idb:brikps:36799 is not listed on IDEAS
  7. Buch, Claudia M. & Lipponer, Alexander, 2007. "FDI versus exports: Evidence from German banks," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 31(3), pages 805-826, March.
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Cited by:
  1. Emmanuel Frot & Javier Santiso, 2009. "Herding in Aid Allocation," OECD Development Centre Working Papers 279, OECD Publishing.
  2. Koopmann, Georg & Hoekstra, Ruth, 2010. "Aid for trade and the political economy of trade liberalization," HWWI Research Papers 2-22, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWI).

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