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Intergenerational Transmission of “Migration Capital” and the Decision to Emigrate

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  • Artjoms Ivlevs
  • Roswitha M. King
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    Abstract

    This paper argues that intergenerational transmission of past accumulated ‘migration capital’ is a significant determinant of current decisions to migrate. Analysis of survey data confirms our hypothesis that past family migration experience increases a person’s current and future propensity to migrate; i.e. host country born children and grandchildren of former migrants are more likely to migrate themselves, compared to people without family migration experience. By contrast, a person’s own past migration experience does not augment current emigration decisions. The country of Latvia serves as an unusually instructive laboratory for our analysis due to the nature of its 1945-1991 immigration flows.

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    File URL: http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/gep/documents/papers/2008/08-26.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by University of Nottingham, GEP in its series Discussion Papers with number 08/26.

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    Handle: RePEc:not:notgep:08/26

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    Postal: School of Economics University of Nottingham University Park Nottingham NG7 2RD
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    Keywords: determinants of emigration decision; migration capital; intergenerational mobility; Latvia; ethnic minorities.;

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    1. Dalen, H.P. van & Henkens, K., 2008. "Emigration Intentions: Mere Words or True Plans? Explaining International Migration Intentions and Behavior," Discussion Paper 2008-60, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
    2. David Coleman, 2006. "Immigration and Ethnic Change in Low-Fertility Countries: A Third Demographic Transition," Population and Development Review, The Population Council, Inc., vol. 32(3), pages 401-446.
    3. Lam, Kit-Chun, 2002. "Interaction between Economic and Political Factors in the Migration Decision," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 30(3), pages 488-504, September.
    4. Jan Fidrmuc & Peter Huber, 2007. "The Willingness to Migrate in the CEECs. Evidence from the Czech Republic," WIFO Working Papers 286, WIFO.
    5. Harry Papapanagos & Peter Sanfey, 1998. "Intention to Emigrate in Transition Countries: The Case of Albania," Studies in Economics 9818, Department of Economics, University of Kent.
    6. Thomas Liebig & Alfonso Sousa-Poza, 2004. "Migration, Self-Selection and Income Inequality: An International Analysis," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 57(1), pages 125-146, 02.
    7. Silke Uebelmesser, 2005. "To go or not to go: Emigration from Germany," CESifo Working Paper Series 1626, CESifo Group Munich.
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