Earning and education among ethnic groups in rural India
AbstractIn rural India access to education could act as a catalyst to change. Persons acquiring education could break through some of the social and cultural norms associated with certain occupations. However, access to education and the capacity to use it for economic betterment could differ by caste and religion. In independent India, social policies such as the reservation of seats in higher education and jobs in the public sector were intended to help break some of these entry barriers for communities facing centuries of social exclusion and discrimination. The focus of this paper is on the premium on income associated with educational investment and how this varies with ethnic groups. The probit regressions indicated that education, even at the primary level, increased the probability of obtaining a highly coveted salaried job. A ‘circle of contacts’, through other family members engaged in such jobs, also increased access to a salaried job. Educational attainment, even at very low levels, was a definite route out of poverty for the Scheduled Caste and Tribe households. Aided by the reservation policy, these communities were able to obtain salaried jobs and reap high returns to education. However, when forced to undertake self-employed activities in non-agriculture they did not fare well.
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by National Council of Applied Economic Research in its series Working Papers with number 79.
Length: 39 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2001
Date of revision:
Contact details of provider:
Postal: Parisila Bhawan - 11 Indraprastha Estate, New Delhi 110002
Phone: (91-11) 331-7860
Fax: (91-11) 332-7164
Web page: http://www.ncaer.org/
More information through EDIRC
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- I2 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education
- I - Health, Education, and Welfare
- I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Jacob A. Mincer, 1974. "Introduction to "Schooling, Experience, and Earnings"," NBER Chapters, in: Schooling, Experience, and Earnings, pages 1-4 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Crost, Benjamin & Kambhampati, Uma S., 2010. "Political Market Characteristics and the Provision of Educational Infrastructure in North India," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 38(2), pages 195-204, February.
- World Bank, 2011. "Perspectives on Poverty in India : Stylized Facts from Survey Data," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 2299.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (B.B. Chand) The email address of this maintainer does not seem to be valid anymore. Please ask B.B. Chand to update the entry or send us the correct address.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.