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Investment, Depreciation, And Capital Utilization

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  • Jeffrey I. Bernstein
  • M. Ishaq Nadiri

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the determinants of capital durability and utilization and their interdependence with investment decisions. The approach is based on the view that the flow of undepreciated capital is an output to be used in future production. At each date capital and non-capital inputs are combined to produce current output and the capital inputs to be used for future production. Thus capital accumulation occurs in a joint product context as two kinds of output are produced, one type for current sale and one type for future production. Another issue investigated in this paper concerns the allocation of resources within a firm between installing and utilizing capital and labor training activities. Often this problem is ignored in the theory of investment, not only because depreciation is exogenous, but also due to the treatment of labor as a variable factor of production. However, it is well recognized that firms cannot costlessly adjust labor. Thus the second purpose of this paper is to analyze the intertemporal relationship between the durability of capital and the growth rate of labor.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 2571.

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Date of creation: Apr 1988
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Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:2571

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  1. Andrew B. Abel & Olivier J. Blanchard, 1983. "The Present Value of Profits and Cyclical Movements in Investment," NBER Working Papers 1122, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Abel, Andrew B, 1981. "A Dynamic Model of Investment and Capacity Utilization," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 96(3), pages 379-403, August.
  3. Foss, Murray F, 1981. "Long-Run Changes in the Workweek of Fixed Capital," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 71(2), pages 58-63, May.
  4. Mortensen, Dale T, 1973. "Generalized Costs of Adjustment and Dynamic Factor Demand Theory," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 41(4), pages 657-65, July.
  5. Epstein, Larry G., 1982. "Comparative dynamics in the adjustment-cost model of the firm," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 27(1), pages 77-100, June.
  6. Nadiri, M Ishaq & Rosen, Sherwin, 1969. "Interrelated Factor Demand Functions," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 59(4), pages 457-71, Part I Se.
  7. W. Erwin Diewert, 1980. "Aggregation Problems in the Measurement of Capital," NBER Chapters, in: The Measurement of Capital, pages 433-538 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Betancourt, Roger R & Clague, Christopher K, 1978. "An Econometric Analysis of Capital Utilization," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 19(1), pages 211-27, February.
  9. Winston, Gordon C & McCoy, Thomas O, 1974. "Investment and the Optimal Idleness of Capital," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 41(3), pages 419-28, July.
  10. Jeffrey I. Bernstein, 1983. "Investment, Labour Skills, and Variable Factor Utilization in the Theory of the Firm," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 16(3), pages 463-79, August.
  11. Smith, Kenneth R, 1970. "Risk and the Optimal Utilization of Capital," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 37(2), pages 253-59, April.
  12. Epstein, L. & Denny, M., 1980. "Endogenous capital utilization in a short-run production model : Theory and an empiral application," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 12(2), pages 189-207, February.
  13. Taubman, Paul & Wilkinson, Maurice, 1970. "User Cost, Capital Utilization and Investment Theory," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 11(2), pages 209-15, June.
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