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Monetary-Fiscal Policy Interactions and the Price Level: Background and Beyond

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  • Eric M. Leeper
  • Tack Yun

Abstract

The paper presents the fiscal theory of the price level in a variety of models, including endowment economies with lump-sum taxes and production economies with proportional income taxes. We offer a microeconomic perspective on the fiscal theory by computing a Slutsky-Hicks decomposition of the effects of tax changes into substitution, wealth, and revaluation effects. Revaluation effects arise whenever tax changes alter the value of outstanding nominal government liabilities by changing the price level. Under certain assumptions on monetary and fiscal behavior, the revaluation effect reflects the fiscal theory mechanism. When taxes distort, two Laffer curves arise, implying that a tax increase can lower or raise the price level and the revaluation effect can be positive or negative, depending on which side of a particular Laffer curve the economy resides.

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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 11646.

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Date of creation: Oct 2005
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Publication status: published as Eric Leeper & Tack Yun, 2006. "Monetary-fiscal policy interactions and the price level:Background and beyond," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer, vol. 13(4), pages 373-409, August.
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:11646

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Cited by:
  1. A. Schabert & L. v. Thadden, 2006. "Distortionary Taxation, Debt, and the Price Level," Computing in Economics and Finance 2006 75, Society for Computational Economics.
  2. Nikolai Stähler, 2013. "Recent Developments In Quantitative Models Of Sovereign Default," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 27(4), pages 605-633, 09.
  3. Harald Uhlig & Mathias Trabandt, 2009. "How Far are We from the Slippery Slope? The Laffer Curve Revisited," Working Papers 2009-005, Becker Friedman Institute for Research In Economics.
  4. Piergallini, Alessandro & Rodano, Giorgio, 2009. "Public Debt, Distortionary Taxation, and Monetary Policy," MPRA Paper 15348, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  5. Panagiotis Chronis & Aspassia Strantzalou, 2008. "Monetary and Fiscal Policy Interaction: What is the Role of the Transaction Cost of the Tax System in Stabilisation Policies?," Working Papers 71, Bank of Greece.
  6. Óscar J. Arce, 2005. "Reflections on fiscalist divergent price-paths," Banco de Espa�a Working Papers 0533, Banco de Espa�a.
  7. Trabandt, Mathias & Uhlig, Harald, 2011. "The Laffer curve revisited," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 58(4), pages 305-327.
  8. Luciano Greco, 2008. "A Note on Social Security and Public Debt," "Marco Fanno" Working Papers 0083, Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche "Marco Fanno".
  9. Chronis Panagiotis, 2009. "Modeling Distortionary Taxation," Working Papers 95, Bank of Greece.
  10. Truong Nguyen, 2013. "Estimating India's Fiscal Reaction Function," ASARC Working Papers 2013-05, The Australian National University, Australia South Asia Research Centre.

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