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« L’outil » filière agricole pour le développement rural


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  • Charlotte Fontan

    (GED, Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV)

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    La pauvreté est un phénomène essentiellement rural et le secteur agricole joue un rôle primordial pour lutter contre ce fléau. Le développement et l’appui aux filières agricoles peuvent ainsi être un moyen efficace pour améliorer les conditions de vie et de travail des ruraux pauvres. Cette étude aura pour objet de justifier, au niveau théorique, que les filières vivrières devraient en particulier être privilégiées. D’abord, nous allons introduire la notion de filière ainsi que différents concepts s’y rattachant, puis les étapes nécessaires pour l’étudier dans son ensemble, de la production à la consommation. Ensuite, il sera intéressant de voir qu’il serait préférable d’axer, au moins dans un premier temps, les efforts sur les filières vivrières dans l’optique de garantir le développement rural et réduire la pauvreté dans ce milieu. Ici, deux aspects seront distingués : (i) dans un premier temps, l’analyse comparée des effets sur la pauvreté rurale (sécurité alimentaire, revenu des opérateurs concernés…) d’un soutien aux filières locales plutôt qu’aux cultures d’exportation sera abordée ; (ii) dans un second temps, seront étudiés les instruments qui devraient être développés pour favoriser les filières vivrières (accès au crédit, au foncier…). Most of the poor live in rural areas and farming sector plays a major role to fight against this plague. The agricultural sector’s development and support on its whole (from producers to consumers) must be an efficient way of improving rural poor’s living and working conditions. This study ‘ll try to justify, from a theoritical point of view, that we had to give mainly priority to subsistence crops. First, we’ll introduce the notion of “filière” and give the way to study it, not only the commodity chain and producers, but all the process from production to consumption and all operators. Then, it’ll be interesting to understand why efforts must be stepped up to promote subsistence crops for rural development and for creating the opportunities for rural poverty alleviation. We would like to bring out two main points : (i) firstly, we’ll compare subsistence to export crops on their effects on rural poverty (food security, operators’incomes...) ; (ii) secondly, we’ll give some measures to promote subsistence productions (rural finance, access to basic land...). (Full text in french)

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    Paper provided by Groupe d'Economie du Développement de l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV in its series Documents de travail with number 124.

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    Length: 23 pages
    Date of creation: Mar 2006
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    Handle: RePEc:mon:ceddtr:124

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    1. Minot, Nicholas & Daniels, Lisa, 2002. "Impact of global cotton markets on rural poverty in Benin," MTID discussion papers 48, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    2. Binswanger, Hans P & von Braun, Joachim, 1991. "Technological Change and Commercialization in Agriculture: The Effect on the Poor," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 6(1), pages 57-80, January.
    3. Bourguignon, F. & Morrisson, C., 1995. "Inequality and Development: The Role of Dualism," DELTA Working Papers 95-32, DELTA (Ecole normale supérieure).
    4. Jean-Pierre Lachaud, 1998. "Gains féminins, allocation des biens et statut nutritionnel des enfants au Burkina Faso," Documents de travail 28, Groupe d'Economie du Développement de l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV.
    5. Ravallion, Martin & Datt, Gaurav, 1996. "How Important to India's Poor Is the Sectoral Composition of Economic Growth?," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 10(1), pages 1-25, January.
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