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Which European model for elderly care? Equity and cost-effectiveness in home based care in three European countries

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  • Francesca Bettio

    ()

  • Giovanni Solinas

    ()

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    Abstract

    Long term care for the elderly is growing apace in developed economies. As growth is forcing change in existing production and delivery systems of elderly care services, the question arises as to how different systems compare in terms of cost-effectiveness, equity or quality. Based on an in depth survey carried out in Denmark, Ireland and Italy – the GALCA survey – this articles compares prevailing arrangements of home based long-term care in these three countries, focussing on the overall cost-effectiveness of the provisions as well as on employment equity for the care workers. Comparison between alternative types of provisions within each country suggests that home based care is generally, although not consistently, more cost-effective than care within institutions. Comparison of home care provisions across the three countries suggests that the Italian and the Danish systems are the most cost effective, but the Danish system is more equitable, overall. These latter findings are partly explained by progressive replacement in Italy of unpaid family carers with low cost immigrant workers directly employed by the families and often cohabiting with the elderly, the migrant-in-the-family model of long term care. This new model has spread across Southern Europe and raises complex issues of equity and sustainability from an employment perspective.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by University of Modena and Reggio E., Faculty of Economics "Marco Biagi" in its series Department of Economics with number 0609.

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    Length: pages 27
    Date of creation: Mar 2009
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:mod:depeco:0609

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    Web page: http://www.dep.unimore.it/
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    Related research

    Keywords: ederly care; cost-effectiveness; migration; welfare;

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    References

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    1. Xavier Cuadras & José Luis Pinto & José M. Abellán, 2000. "Equity considerations in health care: An axiomatic bargaining approach," Economics Working Papers 479, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
    2. Annamaria Simonazzi, 2009. "Care regimes and national employment models," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 33(2), pages 211-232, March.
    3. Bettio, Francesca & Mazzotta, Fernanda & Solinas, Giovanni, 2007. "Costs and prospects for home based Long Term Care in Northern Italy: the Galca survey," CELPE Discussion Papers 103, CELPE - Centre of Labour Economics and Economic Policy, University of Salerno, Italy.
    4. Francesca Bettio & Janneke Plantenga, 2004. "Comparing Care Regimes In Europe," Feminist Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 10(1), pages 85-113.
    5. Christina Boswell & Thomas Straubhaar, 2004. "The illegal employment of Foreign workers: an overview," Intereconomics: Review of European Economic Policy, Springer, vol. 39(1), pages 4-7, January.
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