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Comparing Care Regimes In Europe

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  • Francesca Bettio
  • Janneke Plantenga
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    Abstract

    Throughout Europe, the family is still an important provider of care, but welfare state policies of individual countries may support and/or supplement the family in different ways, generating different social and economic outcomes. This article compares and categorizes care strategies for children and elderly persons in different member states of the European Union, while also taking into account the varied modalities for providing care, like leave arrangements, financial provisions, and social services. In EU countries, care regimes function as “social joins” ensuring complementarity between economic and demographic institutions and processes. As these processes and institutions change, they provide impetus for care regimes to change as well. However, because ideas and ideals about care are at the core of individual national identities, care regimes also act as independent incentive structures that impinge on patterns of women's labor market participation and fertility.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Feminist Economics.

    Volume (Year): 10 (2004)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 85-113

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:femeco:v:10:y:2004:i:1:p:85-113

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    Related research

    Keywords: Families; Europe; social policy; childcare; elderly care;

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    Cited by:
    1. Agnes Streissler, 2004. "Geriatrische Langzeitpflege. Eine Analyse aus österreichischer Sicht," Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft - WuG, Kammer für Arbeiter und Angestellte für Wien, Abteilung Wirtschaftswissenschaft und Statistik, vol. 30(2), pages 247-272.
    2. Francesca Bettio & Giovanni Solinas, 2009. "Which European model for elderly care? Equity and cost-effectiveness in home based care in three European countries," Department of Economics 0609, University of Modena and Reggio E., Faculty of Economics "Marco Biagi".
    3. Antigone Lyberaki, 2008. "“Deae ex Machina”: migrant women, care work and women’s employment in Greece," GreeSE – Hellenic Observatory Papers on Greece and Southeast Europe 20, Hellenic Observatory, LSE.
    4. Pau Baizan, 2009. "Regional child care availability and fertility decisions in Spain," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 21(27), pages 803-842, December.
    5. Hans Peeters & Annelies Debels & Rika Verpoorten, 2013. "Excluding Institutionalized Elderly from Surveys: Consequences for Income and Poverty Statistics," Social Indicators Research, Springer, vol. 110(2), pages 751-769, January.
    6. Martin Zuba & Ulrike Schneider, 2013. "What Helps Working Informal Caregivers? The Role of Workplace Characteristics in Balancing Work and Adult-Care Responsibilities," Journal of Family and Economic Issues, Springer, vol. 34(4), pages 460-469, December.
    7. repec:hal:journl:halshs-00639928 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Guglielmo Barone & Sauro Mocetti, 2010. "With a little help from abroad: the effect of low-skilled immigration on the female labor supply," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 766, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    9. Pierluigi Grasselli & Cristina Montesi & Paola Iannone, 2006. "Mediterranean Models of Welfare Towards Families and Women," ERSA conference papers ersa06p543, European Regional Science Association.
    10. Elenka Brenna & Cinzia Di Novi, 2013. "Is caring for elderly parents detrimental to women’s mental health? The influence of the European North-South gradient," DISCE - Working Papers del Dipartimento di Economia e Finanza def4, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Dipartimenti e Istituti di Scienze Economiche (DISCE).
    11. Maaike Jappens & Jan Van Bavel, 2012. "Regional family cultures and child care by grandparents in Europe," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 27(4), pages 85-120, July.
    12. Anna Baranowska-Rataj & Anna Matysiak, 2014. "The causal effects of the number of children on female employment-do European institutional and gender conditions matter?," Working Papers 64, Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics.
    13. Thomas Leoni & Rainer Eppel, 2013. "Women's Work and Family Profiles over the Lifecourse and their Subsequent Health Outcomes. Evidence for Europe," WWWforEurope Working Papers series 28, WWWforEurope.
    14. Janneke Plantenga, 2014. "Searching for welfare, work and gender equality," WWWforEurope Working Papers series 59, WWWforEurope.
    15. Karl Aiginger & Kurt Kratena & Margit Schratzenstaller & Teresa Weiss, 2014. "Moving towards a new growth model," WWWforEurope Deliverables series 3, WWWforEurope.
    16. Irene Staveren, 2010. "Home Care Reform in the Netherlands: Impacts on Unpaid Care in Rotterdam," Forum for Social Economics, Springer, vol. 39(1), pages 13-21, April.
    17. Manuela Arcanjo, 2009. "Regimes and Reform of Welfare State: the Classification of ten European Countries in 1990 and 2006," Working Papers Department of Economics 2009/34, ISEG - School of Economics and Management, Department of Economics, University of Lisbon.
    18. Irene Staveren, 2007. "Christian Economic Thought in The Netherlands," Forum for Social Economics, Springer, vol. 36(2), pages 127-141, October.
    19. Esther Mot, 2010. "The Dutch system of long-term care," CPB Document 204, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.

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