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Gender-Bias in Intrahousehold Allocation: The Importance of Household Fixed Effects

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  • Ramesh Subramaniam
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    Abstract

    This paper presents an analysis of gender patters in an intra-household allocation of resources based on household level consumption data. Invoking the assumption that households seek to equalize the marginal utility of expenditures when they allocate resources over the life-cycle, the paper provides a rationale for parental behaviour pertaining to the intertemporal allocation of goods among children. Estimation results based on panel data from india show that controlling for the unobserved household fixed effects is of crucial importance. Once allowance is made for fixed effects, the results indicate that there is no gender-bias in the allocation of resources.

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    File URL: http://socserv.socsci.mcmaster.ca/econ/rsrch/papers/archive/1992-25.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by McMaster University in its series Department of Economics Working Papers with number 1992-04.

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    Length: 23 pages
    Date of creation: Apr 1992
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:mcm:deptwp:1992-04

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    1. Browning, Martin, 1992. "Children and Household Economic Behavior," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 30(3), pages 1434-75, September.
    2. Pitt, Mark M. & Rosenzweig, Mark R. & Hassan, Md. Nazmul, 1989. "Productivity, Health and Inequality in the Intrahousehold Distribution of Food in Low-Income Countries," Bulletins, University of Minnesota, Economic Development Center 7480, University of Minnesota, Economic Development Center.
    3. Duncan Thomas, 1990. "Intra-Household Resource Allocation: An Inferential Approach," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 25(4), pages 635-664.
    4. Behrman, Jere R & Pollak, Robert A & Taubman, Paul, 1982. "Parental Preferences and Provision for Progeny," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 90(1), pages 52-73, February.
    5. Rosenzweig, Mark R & Schultz, T Paul, 1982. "Market Opportunities, Genetic Endowments, and Intrafamily Resource Distribution: Child Survival in Rural India," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 72(4), pages 803-15, September.
    6. Rosenzweig, Mark R & Stark, Oded, 1989. "Consumption Smoothing, Migration, and Marriage: Evidence from Rural India," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 97(4), pages 905-26, August.
    7. Haddad, L. & Hoddinott, J., 1991. "Gender Aspects of Household Expenditures and Resource Allocation in the Cote d'Ivoire," Economics Series Working Papers, University of Oxford, Department of Economics 99112, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
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