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The Determinants of Multidimensional Poverty in Nsukka, Nigeria

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  • John Ataguba
  • William M. Fonta
  • Hyacinth E. Ichoku
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    Abstract

    This paper explores factors that predict deprivation and are associated with multiple counts of deprivation in Nsukka, Nigeria. Different conceptions of poverty were constructed: the traditional money-metric measure and differing multidimensional constructs of poverty. Data from a survey of households in Nsukka were used. The counting and FGT methodologies were used to measure poverty and deprivation. Ordinary least squares, probit and counting models were also used to assess factors that predict poverty. The results indicate that between 70% and 78% of the population in the study is categorized as deprived or poor. The major determinants of deprivation across its various constructs include large family size, a low level of education, poor employment, rural location and poor health. In order to effectively alleviate poverty, an integrated approach that accounts for inter-linkages between factors associated with poverty is required.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by PEP-PMMA in its series Working Papers PMMA with number 2011-13.

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    Date of creation: 2011
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    Handle: RePEc:lvl:pmmacr:2011-13

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    Keywords: Multidimensional poverty; deprivation; determinants of poverty; missing dimensions; Nsukka;

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    1. Sabina Alkire and Maria Emma Santos, 2010. "Acute Multidimensional Poverty: A New Index for Developing Countries," OPHI Working Papers ophiwp038, Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford.
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    3. Sakiko Fukuda-Parr, 1999. "What Does Feminization of Poverty Mean? It Isn't Just Lack of Income," Feminist Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 5(2), pages 99-103.
    4. Alkire, Sabina, 2008. "Choosing Dimensions: The Capability Approach and Multidimensional Poverty," MPRA Paper 8862, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Amartya Sen, 2004. "Capabilities, Lists, And Public Reason: Continuing The Conversation," Feminist Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 10(3), pages 77-80.
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    10. Foster, James & Greer, Joel & Thorbecke, Erik, 1984. "A Class of Decomposable Poverty Measures," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(3), pages 761-66, May.
    11. Udaya Wagle, 2005. "Multidimensional Poverty Measurement with Economic Well-being, Capability, and Social Inclusion: A Case from Kathmandu, Nepal," Journal of Human Development and Capabilities, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 6(3), pages 301-328.
    12. Rachael Diprose, 2007. "Safety and Security: A proposal for Internationally Comparable Indicators of Violence," OPHI Working Papers ophiwp002, Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford.
    13. Solava Ibrahim & Sabina Alkire, 2007. "Agency and Empowerment: A Proposal for Internationally Comparable Indicators," Oxford Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 35(4), pages 379-403.
    14. Emma Samman, 2007. "Psychological and Subjective Well-being: A Proposal for Internationally Comparable Indicators," Oxford Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 35(4), pages 459-486.
    15. Joseph Deutsch & Jacques Silber, 2005. "Measuring Multidimensional Poverty: An Empirical Comparison Of Various Approaches," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 51(1), pages 145-174, 03.
    16. Datt, Gaurav & Jolliffe, Dean, 1999. "Determinants of poverty in Egypt, 1997," FCND discussion papers 75, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    17. Alkire, Sabina & Foster, James, 2011. "Counting and multidimensional poverty measurement," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 95(7-8), pages 476-487, August.
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