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Joachim Wagner Leuphana Universität Lüneburg, e-mail: Exportaktivitäten und Rendite in niedersächsischen Industrieunternehmen


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  • Joachim Wagner

    (Institute of Economics, Leuphana University of Lüneburg)


Zahlreiche Studien belegen, dass exportierende Unternehmen eine höhere Produktivität aufweisen als gleich große nicht exportierende Unternehmen aus derselben Branche. Gleichzeitig zahlen Exporteure ihren Mitarbeitern bei identischer Qualifikation höhere Löhne, und sie müssen Extrakosten im Zusammenhang mit den Ausfuhren tragen. Lohnt sich Exporttätigkeit „unter dem Strich“ – oder wird der Produktivitätsvorsprung durch die höheren Kosten ausgeglichen? Eine Untersuchung mit einem neu verfügbaren Längsschnittdatensatz, der Daten aus zwei Erhebungen der amtlichen Statistik kombiniert, zeigt, dass dies in den übrigen westdeutschen Bundesländern höchstwahrscheinlich und in einem ökonomisch relevanten Ausmaß der Fall ist, während es niedersächsischen exportierenden Industrieunternehmen nicht gelingt, ihren Produktivitätsvorsprung gegenüber nicht exportierenden Unternehmen auch in einen Renditevorsprung zu überführen.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics in its series Working Paper Series in Economics with number 95.

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Length: 36 pages
Date of creation: Aug 2008
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Handle: RePEc:lue:wpaper:95

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  1. Joachim Wagner, 2008. "Improvements and Future Challenges for the Research Infrastructure in the Field Firm Level Data," Working Paper Series in Economics 88, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics.
  2. Joachim Wagner, 2007. "Why more West than East German firms export," Jena Economic Research Papers 2007-027, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, Max-Planck-Institute of Economics.
  3. Andrew Bernard & J. Bradford Jensen & Stephen Redding & Peter Schott, 2007. "Firms in International Trade," Working Papers 07-14, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
  4. Thierry Mayer & Gianmarco Ottaviano, 2008. "The Happy Few: The Internationalisation of European Firms," Intereconomics: Review of European Economic Policy, Springer, vol. 43(3), pages 135-148, May.
  5. Bernard, A. & Wagner, J., 1996. "Exports and Success in German Manufacturing," Working papers 96-10, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
  6. Schank, Thorsten & Schnabel, Claus & Wagner, Joachim, 2007. "Do exporters really pay higher wages? First evidence from German linked employer-employee data," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 72(1), pages 52-74, May.
  7. Joachim Wagner, 2007. "Exports and Productivity: A Survey of the Evidence from Firm-level Data," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 30(1), pages 60-82, 01.
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