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Exporter Performance in the German Business Services Sector: First Evidence from the Services Statistics Panel

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  • Alexander Vogel

    ()
    (Institute of Economics, University of Lüneburg)

Abstract

A wide range of empirical studies has analysed exporter performance, especially the relationship between exports and productivity in the manufacturing sector. By contrast, a detailed investigation of the services sector has remained largely neglected. To close this gap, this paper focuses on the relationship between exports and several performance characteristics in the German business services sector—average wage, productivity, size and turnover profitability—in order to determine whether export premia and self-selection into export markets exist in the business services sector. To ensure the comparability of the results with those from the manufacturing sector, empirical models used to analyse the manufacturing sector are transferred to investigate the business services.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics in its series Working Paper Series in Economics with number 111.

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Length: 38 pages
Date of creation: Jan 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:lue:wpaper:111

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Keywords: export premia; self-selection into export markets; business services;

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References

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  1. David Greenaway & Richard Kneller, 2007. "Firm heterogeneity, exporting and foreign direct investment," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 117(517), pages F134-F161, 02.
  2. Alexander Eickelpasch, 2008. "Export Orientation of Service Companies on the Increase," Weekly Report, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 4(5), pages 28-35.
  3. Wagner, Joachim, 2005. "Exports and Productivity : A survey of the evidence from firm level data," HWWA Discussion Papers 319, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA).
  4. Andrew B Bernard & Jonathan Eaton & J. Bradford Jensen & Samuel Kortum, 2000. "Plants and productivity in international trade," Working Papers 00-08, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
  5. Gianmarco Ottaviano & Thierry Mayer, . "The happy few: the internationalisation of European firms," Blueprints, Bruegel, number 12, December.
  6. Andrew Bernard & Joachim Wagner, 1997. "Exports and success in German manufacturing," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, Springer, vol. 133(1), pages 134-157, March.
  7. Helmut Fryges & Joachim Wagner, 2010. "Exports and Profitability: First Evidence for German Manufacturing Firms," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 33(3), pages 399-423, 03.
  8. Andrew B. Bernard & J. Bradford Jensen, 1997. "Exceptional Exporter Performance: Cause, Effect, or Both?," NBER Working Papers 6272, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Yeaple, Stephen Ross, 2005. "A simple model of firm heterogeneity, international trade, and wages," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 65(1), pages 1-20, January.
  10. Richard Harris & Qian Cher Li, 2007. "Learning-by-Exporting? Firm-Level Evidence for UK Manufacturing and Services Sectors," Working Papers, Business School - Economics, University of Glasgow 2007_22, Business School - Economics, University of Glasgow.
  11. Thorsten Schank & Claus Schnabel & Joachim Wagner, 2006. "Do exporters really pay higher wages? First evidence from German linked employer-employee data," Working Paper Series in Economics, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics 28, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics.
  12. Kox, Henk L.M. & Nordås, Hildegunn Kyvik, 2007. "Services trade and domestic regulation," MPRA Paper 2116, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  13. Alexander Vogel, 2008. "Exports and Productivity in the German Business Services Sector. First Evidence from the Turnover Tax Statistics Panel," Working Paper Series in Economics, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics 89, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics.
  14. Ebling, Günther & Janz, Norbert, 1999. "Export and innovation activities in the German service sector: empirical evidence at the firm level," ZEW Discussion Papers 99-53, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  15. Davis, Donald R. & Harrigan, James, 2011. "Good jobs, bad jobs, and trade liberalization," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 84(1), pages 26-36, May.
  16. Shapiro, Carl & Stiglitz, Joseph E, 1984. "Equilibrium Unemployment as a Worker Discipline Device," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 74(3), pages 433-44, June.
  17. Alexander Vogel & Stefan Dittrich, 2008. "The German turnover tax statistics panel," Working Paper Series in Economics, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics 92, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics.
  18. Joanne Roberts, 1999. "The Internationalisation of Business Service Firms: A Stages Approach," The Service Industries Journal, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 19(4), pages 68-88, October.
  19. J. Bradford Jensen & Lori G. Kletzer, 2005. "Tradable Services: Understanding the Scope and Impact of Services Outsourcing," Working Paper Series, Peterson Institute for International Economics WP05-9, Peterson Institute for International Economics.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Nils Braakmann & Alexander Vogel, 2011. "How does economic integration influence employment and wages in border regions? The case of the EU enlargement 2004 and Germany’s eastern border," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, Springer, vol. 147(2), pages 303-323, June.
  2. Alexander Vogel, 2009. "The German Business Services Statistics Panel 2003 to 2007," Working Paper Series in Economics, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics 127, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics.
  3. Alexander Eickelpasch & Alexander Vogel, 2009. "Determinants of Export Behaviour of German Business Services Companies," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 876, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  4. Alexander Vogel, 2009. "Exportprämien unternehmensnaher Dienstleister in Niedersachsen," Working Paper Series in Economics, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics 140, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics.
  5. Alexander Vogel & Joachim Wagner, 2012. "The Quality of the KombiFiD-Sample of Business Services Enterprises: Evidence from a Replication Study," Working Paper Series in Economics, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics 226, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics.
  6. John P. Weche Geluebcke, 2011. "Foreign Ownership and Firm Performance in German Services: First Evidence based on Official Statistics," Working Paper Series in Economics, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics 213, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics.

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