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Analyse spatiale des disparités régionales dans l'Europe élargie

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Author Info

  • ERTUR, Cem

    (LEG - CNRS UMR 5118 - Université de Bourgogne)

  • KOCH, Wilfried

    (LEG - CNRS UMR 5118 - Université de Bourgogne)

Abstract

L'objectif de cet article est d'analyser les inégalités régionales dans l'Union Européenne élargie à l'aide de l'Analyse Exploratoire des Données Spatiales appliquée aux PIB par tête des 258 régions de l'Europe des 27 sur la période 1995-2000. Les résultats montrent l'existence d'une forte autocorrélation spatiale globale et locale ainsi qu'une forte hétérogénéité dans la distribution des richesses. Ils montrent également un changement de polarisation, puisque l'élargissement conduit à un schéma de polarisation Nord-Ouest - Est à la place du schéma Nord-Sud traditionnellement mis en évidence dans la littérature. Finalement, cette analyse nous permet d'explorer les conséquences de l'élargissement sur la politique régionale européenne. / The aim of this paper is to study the regional inequalities in the enlarged European Union using Exploratory Spatial Data Analysis applied to per capita GDP for 258 regions of EU27 over the period 1995-2000. Strong evidence in favor of global and local autocorrelation as well as spatial heterogeneity is found for the wealth distribution. We also show that the enlargement process leads to a new North-West - East polarization scheme instead of the previous results obtained in the literature highlighting a North-South polarization scheme. Implications for regional development and cohesion policies are finally explored.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by LEG, Laboratoire d'Economie et de Gestion, CNRS, Université de Bourgogne in its series LEG - Document de travail - Economie with number 2004-03.

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Length: 44 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:lat:legeco:2004-03

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Related research

Keywords: Politique régionale ; analyse exploratoire des données spatiales ; disparités régionales ; autocorrélation spatiale ; hétérogénéité spatiale ; regional policies ; Exploratory Spatial Data Analysis ; regional disparities ; spatial autocorrelation ; spatial heterogeneity.;

References

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  1. J. Keith Ord & Arthur Getis, 2001. "Testing for Local Spatial Autocorrelation in the Presence of Global Autocorrelation," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 41(3), pages 411-432.
  2. LE GALLO, Julie, 2000. "Econométrie spatiale 1 -Autocorrélation spatiale," LATEC - Document de travail - Economie (1991-2003) 2000-05, LATEC, Laboratoire d'Analyse et des Techniques EConomiques, CNRS UMR 5118, Université de Bourgogne.
  3. Diego Puga, 2002. "European regional policies in light of recent location theories," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 2(4), pages 373-406, October.
  4. Michele Boldrin & Fabio Canova, 2001. "Inequality and convergence in Europe's regions: reconsidering European regional policies," Economic Policy, CEPR & CES & MSH, vol. 16(32), pages 205-253, 04.
  5. Enrique Lopez Bazo & Esther Vaya Valcarce & Antonio Jose Mora & Jordi Surinach Caralt, 1997. "Regional economic dynamics and convergence in the european union," Working Papers in Economics 12, Universitat de Barcelona. Espai de Recerca en Economia.
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Cited by:
  1. KOCH, Wilfried, 2004. "Effets de voisinage dans le modèle de Solow avec des externalités spatiales," LEG - Document de travail - Economie 2004-06, LEG, Laboratoire d'Economie et de Gestion, CNRS, Université de Bourgogne.

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