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Un essai de définition du concept de gouvernance

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  • Darine Bakkour
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    Abstract

    Ce papier a pour objet de préciser la terminologie du concept de gouvernance. Nous allons examiner les modes de gouvernance les plus connus, à savoir la gouvernance d’entreprise, la gouvernance publique, et la gouvernance territoriale. C’est ainsi, que nous évoquerons le concept de la Responsabilité Sociale de l’Entreprise (RSE), le courant du New Public Management (NPM) et le concept de gouvernementalité de Michel Foucault (1978). Nous considérons que la gouvernance s’applique à un « système » et nous proposons une définition du concept de gouvernance d’un système, comme suit : « La gouvernance d’un système désigne les mécanismes au moyen desquels les mandataire(s) et les mandants articulent leurs intérêts et aplanissent leurs différences afin de réaliser leurs objectifs. La gouvernance désigne, par ailleurs, les institutions, qui influent sur l’exercice des pouvoirs dans les entités concernés. Enfin, la gouvernance d’un système est décrite par l’interaction participative entre les acteurs concernés à tous les niveaux ». La gouvernance est un concept holistique qui s’applique à plusieurs niveaux, et pour plusieurs objectifs, dans un environnement marqué par des conflits d’intérêts, des situations d’incertitudes et d’asymétrie d’information.

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    File URL: http://www.lameta.univ-montp1.fr/Documents/ES2013-05.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2013
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by LAMETA, Universtiy of Montpellier in its series Studies and Syntheses with number 13-05.

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    Length: 40 pages
    Date of creation: Dec 2013
    Date of revision: Dec 2013
    Handle: RePEc:lam:estudy:13-05

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    1. Barro, Robert J, 1990. "Government Spending in a Simple Model of Endogenous Growth," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 98(5), pages S103-26, October.
    2. Kaufmann, Daniel & Kraay, Aart & Mastruzzi, Massimo, 2010. "The worldwide governance indicators : methodology and analytical issues," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5430, The World Bank.
    3. Gérard Charreaux, 1996. "Vers une théorie du gouvernement des entreprises," Working Papers CREGO 0960501, Université de Bourgogne - CREGO EA7317 Centre de recherches en gestion des organisations.
    4. Tirole, Jean, 2001. "Corporate Governance," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 69(1), pages 1-35, January.
    5. Paul M Romer, 1999. "Increasing Returns and Long-Run Growth," Levine's Working Paper Archive 2232, David K. Levine.
    6. Venkiteswaran N, . "Corporate Governance for Shareholder Value," IIMA Working Papers WP2000-07-01, Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad, Research and Publication Department.
    7. Venkiteswaran N, . "Ethics, Values and Corporate Governance," IIMA Working Papers WP1997-08-01_01459, Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad, Research and Publication Department.
    8. Jensen, Michael C. & Meckling, William H., 1976. "Theory of the firm: Managerial behavior, agency costs and ownership structure," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 3(4), pages 305-360, October.
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