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Monocentric Versus Polycentric Models in Urban Economics

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  • Tomoya Mori

    ()
    (Institute of Economic Research, Kyoto University)

Abstract

This article overviews the development of the formal modelling framework for the urban spatial structure which started in 1960s and grew dramatically thereafter. Modelling in the 1970s focused on the endogenous formation of the central business district within a city. Then richer polycentric city models were developed in 1980s, where the number, location and spatial extent of the business districts are determined endogenously. The emergence of the new economic geography in 1990s provided a framework capable of explaining the spatial distribution of cities (rather than the business districts within a city) and their industrial structure in a general location-equilibrium model.

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File URL: http://www.kier.kyoto-u.ac.jp/~mori/papers/DP611.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Kyoto University, Institute of Economic Research in its series KIER Working Papers with number 611.

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Length: 7pages
Date of creation: Jan 2006
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:kyo:wpaper:611

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  1. Fujita, Masahisa & Thisse, Jacques-Francois, 1996. "Economics of Agglomeration," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 10(4), pages 339-378, December.
  2. Fujita, Masahisa & Krugman, Paul, 1995. "When is the economy monocentric?: von Thunen and Chamberlin unified," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 25(4), pages 505-528, August.
  3. Schweizer, Urs & Varaiya, Pravin & Hartwick, John, 1976. "General equilibrium and location theory," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 3(3), pages 285-303, July.
  4. Fujita, Masahisa, 1993. "Monopolistic competition and urban systems," European Economic Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 37(2-3), pages 308-315, April.
  5. Imai, Haruo, 1982. "CBD hypothesis and economies of agglomeration," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 28(2), pages 275-299, December.
  6. Hideo Konishi, 1999. "Concentration of Competing Retail Stores," Boston College Working Papers in Economics, Boston College Department of Economics 447, Boston College Department of Economics.
  7. Fujita, Masahisa & Mori, Tomoya, 1997. "Structural stability and evolution of urban systems," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 27(4-5), pages 399-442, August.
  8. Henderson, Vernon & Mitra, Arindam, 1996. "The new urban landscape: Developers and edge cities," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 26(6), pages 613-643, December.
  9. Mori, Tomoya, 1997. "A Modeling of Megalopolis Formation: The Maturing of City Systems," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(1), pages 133-157, July.
  10. Paul Krugman, 1990. "Increasing Returns and Economic Geography," NBER Working Papers 3275, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  11. Robert E. Lucas & Esteban Rossi-Hansberg, 2002. "On the Internal Structure of Cities," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 70(4), pages 1445-1476, July.
  12. Starrett, David, 1978. "Market allocations of location choice in a model with free mobility," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 17(1), pages 21-37, February.
  13. Fujita, Masahisa, 1988. "A monopolistic competition model of spatial agglomeration : Differentiated product approach," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 87-124, February.
  14. Solow, Robert M. & Vickrey, William S., 1971. "Land use in a long narrow city," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 3(4), pages 430-447, December.
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Cited by:
  1. Behrens, Kristian & Robert-Nicoud, Frédéric, 2008. "Survival of the Fittest in Cities: Agglomeration, Selection, and Polarisation," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 7018, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Ryusuke Ihara & Tomohiro Machikita, 2007. "Voting for highway construction in economic geography," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, Springer, vol. 41(4), pages 951-966, December.
  3. Rafa Madariaga & Joan Carles Martori & Ramon Oller, 2011. "Income, distance and spatial effects in the Monocentric model. The Barcelona Metropolitan Area case," ERSA conference papers ersa11p511, European Regional Science Association.

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