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Acting Autonomously or Mimicking the State and Peers? A Panel Tobit Analysis of Financial Dependence and Aid Allocation by Swiss NGOs

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Author Info

  • Axel Dreher

    ()
    (ETH Zurich, KOF Swiss Economic Institute, Switzerland and CESifo, Germany)

  • Peter Nunnenkamp

    ()
    (Kiel Institute for the World Economy, Kiel, Germany)

  • Hannes Öhler

    ()

  • Johannes Weisser

    ()
    (Max Planck Institute of Economics, Jena, Germany)

Abstract

NGO aid is still widely believed to be superior to official aid (ODA). However, the incentives of NGOs to excel and target aid to the poor and deserving are increasingly disputed. We contribute to the emerging literature on the allocation of NGO aid by performing panel Tobit estimations for Swiss NGOs. The analysis offers new insights in two major regards: First, we cover the allocation of both self-financed and officially co-financed aid for a large panel of NGOs and recipient countries. Second, by classifying each NGO according to its financing structure, we address the unresolved question of whether financial dependence on the government impairs the targeting of NGO aid. It turns out that NGOs mimic the state as well as NGO peers. Officially refinanced NGOs are more inclined to imitate the allocation of ODA. However, the degree of financial dependence does not affect the poverty orientation of NGO aid and the incentives of NGOs to engage in easier environments. The allocation of self-financed aid differs in several respects from the allocation of officially co-financed aid, including the role of financial dependence for imitating the state and herding among NGOs.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich in its series KOF Working papers with number 09-219.

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Length: 35 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:kof:wpskof:09-219

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Keywords: NGO aid; aid allocation; official co-financing; financial dependence;

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Cited by:
  1. Axel Dreher & Peter Nunnenkamp & Susann Thiel & Rainer Thiele, 2010. "Aid Allocation by German NGOs: Does the Degree of Public Refinancing Matter?," KOF Working papers 10-247, KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich.

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