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Arbeitsmarktinstrumente und gesellschaftliche Normen - Das Mainzer-Modell untergräbt gesellschaftliche Normen und verschärft damit die Probleme, die es zu überwinden glaubt

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  • Steffen J. Roth

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    Abstract

    Die Beurteilung arbeitsmarktpolitischer Instrumente alleine aufgrund der Abwägung von fiskalischen Maßnahmekosten und Erträgen greift zu kurz. Allokationseffekte müssen ebenso berücksichtigt werden, wie Fragen der Kompatibilität mit Prinzipien einer das Marktsystem unterstützenden Sozialpolitik. Ein nur selten ausführlich beleuchteter weiterer Aspekt ist die Rückwirkung von institutionellen Regelungen auf die Normen der Gesellschaftsmitglieder. Dieser Gedanke wird in diesem Beitrag anhand des prominentesten deutschen Kombi-Lohns, dem Mainzer Modell, exemplarisch verfolgt. Neben Verstößen gegen sozialpolitische Prinzipien und der Entfaltung von Fehlanreizen droht das Mainzer Modell die immateriellen Arbeitsanreize durch Einstellungsänderungen abzuschwächen. Es verschärft damit aus sich selbst heraus das Problem, welches zu beheben es vorgibt.

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    Paper provided by Otto-Wolff-Institut für Wirtschaftsordnung, Köln, Deutschland in its series Otto-Wolff-Institut Discussion Paper Series with number 01/2003.

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    Date of creation: Mar 2003
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    Handle: RePEc:kln:owiwdp:dp_am

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    1. Lindbeck, Assar, 1995. "Welfare State Disincentives with Endogenous Habits and Norms," Working Paper Series 441, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
    2. Tversky, Amos & Kahneman, Daniel, 1991. "Loss Aversion in Riskless Choice: A Reference-Dependent Model," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 106(4), pages 1039-61, November.
    3. George A. Akerlof, 1978. "A theory of social custom, of which unemployment may be one consequence," Special Studies Papers 118, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
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    5. Lindbeck, Assar & Nyberg, Sten, 2001. "Raising Children to Work Hard: Altruism, Work Norms and Social Insurance," Research Papers in Economics 2001:5, Stockholm University, Department of Economics.
    6. Barbara Petrongolo & Christopher Pissarides, 2000. "Looking into the black box: a survey of the matching function," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 2122, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    7. Winkelmann, Liliana & Winkelmann, Rainer, 1998. "Why Are the Unemployed So Unhappy? Evidence from Panel Data," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 65(257), pages 1-15, February.
    8. Hans-Werner Sinn, 2002. "Die Höhle in der Eiger-Nordwand - Eine Anmerkung zum Mainzer Modell und zum Wohlfahrtsstaat an sich," Ifo Schnelldienst, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 55(03), pages 20-25, 02.
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