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Determinants of In-group Bias: Group Affiliation or Guilt-aversion?

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  • Werner Güth

    (Max Planck Institute of Economics, Strategic Interaction Group, Jena, Germany)

  • Matteo Ploner

    (Max Planck Institute of Economics, Strategic Interaction Group, Jena, Germany)

  • Tobias Regner

    (Friedrich Schiller University, Jena, Germany)

Abstract

In-group favoritism in social dilemma situations is one of the main findings of studies in Social Identity Theory. We investigate what causes the in-group bias: is it due to mere group affiliation or, alternatively, is guilt-aversion a possible explanation? We induce group membership in a minimal group setting, observe in-/out-group transfers and elicit re- spective beliefs. We ?nd that mere group affiliation affects beliefs and explains a substantial part of the bias, but we also ?nd evidence in favor of guilt-aversion as a source of motivation.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, Max-Planck-Institute of Economics in its series Jena Economic Research Papers with number 2008-046.

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Date of creation: 10 Jun 2008
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Handle: RePEc:jrp:jrpwrp:2008-046

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Keywords: social preferences; experiments; social dilemma; group identity; guilt aversion;

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