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Female Labour Force Participation and Child Education in India: The Effect of the National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme

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Author Info

  • Afridi, Farzana

    ()
    (Indian Statistical Institute)

  • Mukhopadhyay, Abhiroop

    ()
    (Indian Statistical Institute)

  • Sahoo, Soham

    ()
    (Indian Statistical Institute)

Abstract

We study the impact of India's National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (NREGS) on children's educational outcomes via women's labour force participation. Using data from the Young Lives Study and taking advantage of the spatial and temporal variation in the intensity of implementation of the NREGS, we find that greater participation of mothers in the program is associated with better educational outcomes of their children. Father's participation in the NREGS, on the other hand, has a negative effect on children's education. Further, the estimated impact of mother's program participation is over and above any income effect induced by the scheme and is robust to concerns about endogeneity of labour force participation and differences in economic trends between districts. We provide evidence which suggests that the mechanism through which children's educational outcomes improve is empowerment of mothers resulting from better labour market opportunities for females.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 6593.

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Length: 55 pages
Date of creation: May 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp6593

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Keywords: labour; education; gender; bargaining;

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  1. Skoufias, Emmanuel, 1993. "Labor market opportunities and intrafamily time allocation in rural households in South Asia," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 40(2), pages 277-310, April.
  2. Anderson, Siwan & Eswaran, Mukesh, 2009. "What determines female autonomy? Evidence from Bangladesh," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 90(2), pages 179-191, November.
  3. Nancy Qian, 2008. "Missing Women and the Price of Tea in China: The Effect of Sex-Specific Earnings on Sex Imbalance," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 123(3), pages 1251-1285, August.
  4. McElroy, Marjorie B & Horney, Mary Jean, 1981. "Nash-Bargained Household Decisions: Toward a Generalization of the Theory of Demand," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 22(2), pages 333-49, June.
  5. Thomas, D., 1995. "Like Father, Like Son, Like Mother, Like Daughter, Parental Resources and Child Height," Papers, RAND - Reprint Series 95-01, RAND - Reprint Series.
  6. Haddad, Lawrence & Hoddinott, John, 1994. "Women's income and boy-girl anthropometric status in the Cote d'Ivoire," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 22(4), pages 543-553, April.
  7. Duncan Thomas, 1990. "Intra-Household Resource Allocation: An Inferential Approach," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 25(4), pages 635-664.
  8. Agnes R. Quisumbing & John A. Maluccio, 2003. "Resources at Marriage and Intrahousehold Allocation: Evidence from Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Indonesia, and South Africa," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 65(3), pages 283-327, 07.
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Cited by:
  1. Deininger, Klaus & Liu, Yanyan, 2013. "Welfare and poverty impacts of India's national rural employment guarantee scheme : evidence from Andhra Pradesh," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6543, The World Bank.
  2. Klonner, Stefan & Oldiges , Christian, 2014. "Safety Net for India's Poor or Waste of Public Funds? Poverty and Welfare in the Wake of the World's Largest Job Guarantee Program," Working Papers, University of Heidelberg, Department of Economics 0564, University of Heidelberg, Department of Economics.
  3. Shreyasee Das & Abhilasha Singh, 2013. "The Impact of Temporary Work Guarantee Programs on Children's Education: Evidence from the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Guarantee Act from India," Working Papers, UW-Whitewater, Department of Economics 13-03, UW-Whitewater, Department of Economics.
  4. Gabriela Guerrero & Juan Leon & Kirrily Pells & Martin Woodhead, 2014. "Changing Children’s Lives Risks and Opportunities (Cambiando la vida de los niños)," Documentos de Trabajo (Niños del Milenio-GRADE), Niños del Milenio (Young Lives) ninosmcambiandolavida, Niños del Milenio (Young Lives).
  5. Deininger, Klaus & Liu, Yanyan, 2013. "Welfare and poverty impacts of India’s national rural employment guarantee scheme: Evidence from Andhra Pradesh:," IFPRI discussion papers, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) 1289, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  6. Stephan Klasen & Janneke Pieters, 2013. "What explains the stagnation of female labor force participation in urban India?," Courant Research Centre: Poverty, Equity and Growth - Discussion Papers 146, Courant Research Centre PEG.

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