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Parental Separation and Children's Educational Attainment: A Siblings Approach

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Author Info

  • Björklund, Anders

    ()
    (SOFI, Stockholm University)

  • Sundström, Marianne

    ()
    (SOFI, Stockholm University)

Abstract

This article analyzes whether the commonly found negative relationship between parental separation in childhood and educational outcomes is causal or mainly due to selection. We use data on about 100,000 Swedish full biological siblings, born in 1951-64, and perform cross-section and sibling-difference estimations. Outcomes are measured as educational attainment in 1996. Our cross-section analysis show the expected negative and significant relationship, while the relationship is not significant, though precisely estimated, in the siblingdifference analysis. This finding was robust to the sensitivity tests performed and is consistent with selection, rather than causation, being the explanation for the negative relationship.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 643.

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Length: 30 pages
Date of creation: Nov 2002
Date of revision:
Publication status: published as 'Parental Separation and Children's Educational Attainment: A Siblings Analysis on Swedish Register Data' in: Economica, 2006, 73 (292), 605-624
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp643

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Related research

Keywords: siblings estimators; child welfare; divorce;

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References

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  1. Donna K. Ginther & Robert A. Pollak, 2000. "Does family structure affect children's educational outcomes?," Working Paper 2000-13, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta.
  2. John F. Ermisch & Marco Francesconi, 2001. "Family structure and children's achievements," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 14(2), pages 249-270.
  3. Markus Jäntti & Eva Österbacka & Oddbjörn Raaum & Tor Eriksson & Anders Björklund, 2002. "Brother correlations in earnings in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden compared to the United States," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 15(4), pages 757-772.
  4. Philip K. Robins & David H. Greenberg & Paul Fronstin, 2001. "Parental disruption and the labour market performance of children when they reach adulthood," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 14(1), pages 137-172.
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Cited by:
  1. Karine Marazyan, 2008. "Explaining Differences in Education between Foster Children and Biological Children: a Sibling Rivalry Approach. Some Evidence from Indonesia," Working Papers halshs-00290644, HAL.
  2. Philippe Mahler & Rainer Winkelmann, 2005. "Single Motherhood and (Un)Equal EducationalOpportunities: Evidence for Germany," SOI - Working Papers 0512, Socioeconomic Institute - University of Zurich.
  3. Rainer Winkelmann, 2003. "Parental Separation and Well-Being of Youths," SOI - Working Papers 0312, Socioeconomic Institute - University of Zurich.

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