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Youth Unemployment in Europe and the United States

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Author Info

  • Bell, David N.F.

    ()
    (University of Stirling)

  • Blanchflower, David G.

    ()
    (Dartmouth College)

Abstract

This paper focuses particularly on youth unemployment, why we should be concerned about it, why it is increasing again, how the present difficulties of young people entering the labour market differ from those of the past and what useful lessons have been learned that may guide future policy. We focus on Europe and USA, but introduce evidence from other countries where appropriate. Our analysis of the UK NCDS birth cohort data provides evidence supporting the notion that early adulthood unemployment creates long lasting scars which affect labour market outcomes much later in life. Our chosen variables are weekly wages and happiness. Our results show significant effects at age 50 from early adulthood unemployment. These affects are stronger than more recent unemployment experiences.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 5673.

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Length: 29 pages
Date of creation: Apr 2011
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Nordic Economic Policy Review, 2011, 1, 11-37
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp5673

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Related research

Keywords: youth unemployment; scarring effects; happiness;

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References

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  1. Nordström Skans, Oskar, 2004. "Scarring effects of the first labour market experience: A sibling based analysis," Working Paper Series 2004:14, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Abowd, John M & Kramarz, Francis & Margolis, David N, 1999. "Minimum Wages and Employment in France and the United States," CEPR Discussion Papers 2159, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Richard V. Burkhauser & Kosali I. Simon, 2007. "Who Gets What from Employer Pay or Play Mandates?," NBER Working Papers 13578, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Eriksson, Stefan & Rooth, Dan-Olof, 2011. "Do Employers Use Unemployment as a Sorting Criterion When Hiring? Evidence from a Field Experiment," IZA Discussion Papers 6235, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Crépon, Bruno & Kramarz, Francis, 2002. "Employed 40 Hours or Not-Employed 39: Lessons from the 1982 Mandatory Reduction of the Workweek," IZA Discussion Papers 416, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  5. Luttmer Erzo F.P., 2007. "Does the Minimum Wage Cause Inefficient Rationing?," The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 7(1), pages 1-42, October.
  6. Olivier Bargain & Karina Doorley, 2009. "Caught in the Trap? The Disincentive Effect of Social Assistance," Working Papers 200917, Geary Institute, University College Dublin.
  7. Combes, Pierre-Philippe & Duranton, Gilles & Gobillon, Laurent, 2004. "Spatial Wage Disparities: Sorting Matters!," CEPR Discussion Papers 4240, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  8. Daly, M. & Delaney, L., 2013. "The scarring effect of unemployment throughout adulthood on psychological distress at age 50: Estimates controlling for early adulthood distress and childhood psychological factors," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 80(C), pages 19-23.
  9. Bruno Crépon & Francis Kramarz, 1999. "Working 40 hours or Not-Working 39 : Lessons from the 1981 Mandatory Reduction of Weekly Working Hours," Working Papers 99-12, Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique.
  10. Eichhorst, Werner & Hinte, Holger & Rinne, Ulf, 2013. "Jugendarbeitslosigkeit in Europa: Status Quo und (keine?) Perspektiven," IZA Standpunkte 57, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  11. Mariana Balan & University & Carmen-Marilena Uzlau & Hyperion University & Corina Maria Ene Hyperion University, 2012. "Evolutions Of Unemployment Among The Young Over The Economic And Financial Downturn," Annales Universitatis Apulensis Series Oeconomica, Faculty of Sciences, "1 Decembrie 1918" University, Alba Iulia, vol. 1(14), pages 16.

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