The Role of "Skill Enhancing Trade" in Brazil: Some Evidence from Microdata
AbstractBrazil was characterised by a marked process of trade liberalisation in the 1990s, resulting in a dramatic increase in the volumes of exports and imports since the year 2000. Over the same period, the relative demand for skilled labour has increased substantially. To investigate whether these two simultaneous phenomena are linked is the purpose of this paper. More in particular, this study focuses on the impact of trade openness and technology transfer on the relative demand for skilled labour in Brazilian manufacturing firms, using a unique panel database (resulting from merging three different statistical sources) of Brazilian manufacturing firms over the period 1997-2005. Descriptive statistics show that the increase in the relative demand for skilled labour was mainly driven by the within-industry variation, supporting the hypothesis that technology (and in particular technological transfer from richer countries) may have played a role in determining the skill-upgrading of Brazilian manufacturing firms. The econometric results further support this hypothesis. Indeed, the estimations show that domestic capital is a complement of the skilled workers and that imported capital goods clearly act as a skill-enhancing component of trade. Hence, our results support the view that embodied technological change through the importation of capital goods has involved a clear skill-biased impact in Brazilian manufacturing.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 4213.
Length: 24 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2009
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: CEPAL Review, 2012, 105, 157-171
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Other versions of this item:
- Bruno Cesar Araujo & Francesco Bogliacino & Marco Vivarelli, 2009. "The Role of "Skill enhancing Trade" in Brazil: Some Evidence from Microdata," Jena Economic Research Papers 2009-041, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, Max-Planck-Institute of Economics.
- Bruno César Araújo & Marco Vivarelli & FrancescoBogliacino, 2011. "The Role Of Skill Enhancing Trade In Brazil: Some Evidence From Microdata," Anais do XXXVII Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 37th Brazilian Economics Meeting] 143, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pósgraduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics].
- O33 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
- O54 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Latin America; Caribbean
- F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions
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