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Empirical Findings on the Swiss Migration Experience

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  • Golder, Stefan M.

    (affiliation not available)

  • Straubhaar, Thomas

    ()
    (Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWI))

Abstract

Switzerland has experienced a substantial influx of immigrants over the last 50 years after World War II, which has led Switzerland to have among the highest share of foreigners in population among all OECD countries. This paper analyses the migration experience of Switzerland. The analysis centers around two main issues: the economic effects of migration and the labour market performance of immigrants. Two main results emerge from our study. First, as a result of the shortcomings of the Swiss migration policy, immigrants tend to have a negative impact on the Swiss economy. Second, the analysis of the labour market performance shows that there are substantial discrepancies in the performance between immigrants from different countries of origin. Immigrants from Northern European countries largely outperform immigrants from Southern European and Non-European countries. On the basis of the empirical analysis, this study finally outlines some reform options for the Swiss migration policy.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 40.

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Length: 34 pages
Date of creation: Apr 1999
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Klaus F. Zimmermann (ed.): European Migration - What Do We Know?, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2005
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp40

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Related research

Keywords: international migration; wage differentials; Factor income distribution; immigrant workers; labor productivity;

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References

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  1. George J. Borjas, 1991. "Immigration and Self-Selection," NBER Chapters, in: Immigration, Trade and the Labor Market, pages 29-76 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Borjas, George J, 1985. "Assimilation, Changes in Cohort Quality, and the Earnings of Immigrants," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 3(4), pages 463-89, October.
  3. Straubhaar, Thomas & Weber, René, 1994. "Budget Incidence of Immigration into Switzerland: A Cross-Section Analysis of the Public Transfer System," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 934, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  4. Borjas, George J, 1992. "Ethnic Capital and Intergenerational Mobility," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 107(1), pages 123-50, February.
  5. Chiswick, Barry R, 1978. "The Effect of Americanization on the Earnings of Foreign-born Men," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 86(5), pages 897-921, October.
  6. Golder, Stefan M. & Straubhaar, Thomas, 1998. "Migration to Switzerland: Some New Evidence," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 1791, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  7. Borjas, George J, 1993. "The Intergenerational Mobility of Immigrants," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 11(1), pages 113-35, January.
  8. Dustmann, C, 1993. "Earnings Adjustment of Temporary Migrants," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 6(2), pages 153-68, May.
  9. Gary S. Becker, 1962. "Investment in Human Capital: A Theoretical Analysis," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 70, pages 9.
  10. Sherrie A. Kossoudji, 1989. "Immigrant Worker Assimilation: Is It a Labor Market Phenomenon?," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 24(3), pages 494-527.
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