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A Search Model of Unemployment and Inflation

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  • Lehmann, Etienne

    ()
    (CRED, Université Panthéon Assas Paris 2)

Abstract

In this paper, I introduce money in the standard labor-matching model (Mortensen and Pissarides 1999, Pissarides 2000). A double coincidence problem makes Fiat Money necessary as a medium of exchange. In the long-run, a rise in the rate of money growth leads to higher inflation and higher unemployment, so the long-run Phillips curve is not vertical. The optimal monetary growth rate decreases with the workers’ bargaining power, the level of unemployment benefits and the payroll tax rate.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 2194.

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Length: 23 pages
Date of creation: Jul 2006
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 2012, 114 (1), 245-266.
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp2194

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Keywords: search-matching; unemployment; Friedman rule; inflation;

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References

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  1. Cooley, T.F. & Hansen, G.D., 1988. "The Inflation Tax In A Real Business Cycle Model," Papers, Rochester, Business - General 88-05, Rochester, Business - General.
  2. Pierre Cahuc & André Zylberberg, 2004. "Labor Economics," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 026203316x, December.
  3. Aleksander Berentsen & Guillaume Rocheteau & Shouyong Shi, 2002. "Friedman Meets Hosios: Efficiency in Search Models of Money," Working Papers, University of Toronto, Department of Economics shouyong-02-04, University of Toronto, Department of Economics.
  4. Stephen Nickell & Luca Nunziata & Wolfgang Ochel, 2005. "Unemployment in the OECD Since the 1960s. What Do We Know?," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 115(500), pages 1-27, 01.
  5. Randall Wright & Guillame Rocheteau, 2003. "Money in Search Equilibrium, in Competitive Equilibrium, and in Competitive Search Equilibrium," Levine's Bibliography 666156000000000302, UCLA Department of Economics.
  6. Barbara Petrongolo & Christopher A. Pissarides, 2000. "Looking Into the Black Box: A Survey of the Matching Function," CEP Discussion Papers, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE dp0470, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  7. Christopher A. Pissarides & Giovanna Vallanti, 2007. "The Impact Of Tfp Growth On Steady-State Unemployment," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 48(2), pages 607-640, 05.
  8. King, Robert G. & Watson, Mark W., 1994. "The post-war U.S. phillips curve: a revisionist econometric history," Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 41(1), pages 157-219, December.
  9. Shouyong Shi, 1996. "A Divisible Search Model of Fiat Money," Working Papers, Queen's University, Department of Economics 930, Queen's University, Department of Economics.
  10. Robert G. King & Mark W. Watson, 1997. "Testing long-run neutrality," Economic Quarterly, Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, issue Sum, pages 69-101.
  11. Blanchard, Olivier & Wolfers, Justin, 2000. "The Role of Shocks and Institutions in the Rise of European Unemployment: The Aggregate Evidence," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 110(462), pages C1-33, March.
  12. Kocherlakota, Narayana R., 1998. "Money Is Memory," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 81(2), pages 232-251, August.
  13. Lockwood, Ben & Manning, Alan, 1993. "Wage setting and the tax system theory and evidence for the United Kingdom," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 52(1), pages 1-29, August.
  14. Peter Rupert & Martin Schindler & Andrei Shevchenko & Randall Wright, 2000. "The search-theoretic approach to monetary economics: a primer," Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, issue Q IV, pages 10-28.
  15. Mortensen, Dale T. & Pissarides, Christopher A., 1999. "New developments in models of search in the labor market," Handbook of Labor Economics, Elsevier, in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 39, pages 2567-2627 Elsevier.
  16. Kiyotaki, Nobuhiro & Wright, Randall, 1993. "A Search-Theoretic Approach to Monetary Economics," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 83(1), pages 63-77, March.
  17. James Bullard, 1999. "Testing long-run monetary neutrality propositions: lessons from the recent research," Review, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, issue Nov, pages 57-77.
  18. Cooley, Thomas F. & Quadrini, Vincenzo, 1999. "A neoclassical model of the Phillips curve relation," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 44(2), pages 165-193, October.
  19. Cooley, Thomas F. & Quadrini, Vincenzo, 2004. "Optimal monetary policy in a Phillips-curve world," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 118(2), pages 174-208, October.
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Cited by:
  1. Randall Wright & Guido Menzio & Aleksander Berentsen, 2008. "Inflation and Unemployment in the Long Run," 2008 Meeting Papers 34, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  2. Etienne, LEHMANN & Bruno, VAN DER LINDEN, 2007. "Search Frictions on Product and Labor markets : Money in the Matching Function," Discussion Papers (ECON - Département des Sciences Economiques), Université catholique de Louvain, Département des Sciences Economiques 2007013, Université catholique de Louvain, Département des Sciences Economiques.
  3. Pedro, Gomis-Porqueras & Benoit, Julien & Chengsi, Wang, 2010. "Optimal Monetary and Fiscal Policies In a Search-theoretic Model of Money and Unemployment," MPRA Paper 26262, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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