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The role of learning in innovation: in-house versus externally contracted R&D experience

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Author Info

  • Pilar Beneito López

    ()
    (Universitat de València)

  • Amparo Sanchis Llopis

    (Universitat de València)

  • María Engracia Rochina Barrachina

    (Universitat de València)

Abstract

En este trabajo se analiza el papel del aprendizaje en el éxito innovador de las empresas, tomando en consideración la naturaleza heterogénea de las actividades innovadoras, y en particular, distinguiendo entre el aprendizaje que proviene de la realización interna de actividades de I+D y el aprendizaje que proviene de la contratación externa de estas actividades. Para este trabajo se utiliza una muestra representativa de empresas manufactureras en España durante el período 1990-2006, y dentro del marco de una función de producción de innovaciones, se estiman modelos ¿count¿ con el fin de investigar la influencia que tiene en la obtención de resultados innovadores la experiencia que proviene de la I+D realizada dentro de la empresa y de la contratada externamente. Nuestros resultados muestran que el aprendizaje tiene un papel importante en la obtención de innovaciones de producto cuando las empresas organizan sus actividades de I+D internamente, y que la experiencia que proviene de la contratación externa de actividades de I+D no influye sobre el número de innovaciones de producto. This paper analyses the role of learning in firms¿ innovation success, taking into account the heterogeneous nature of innovation activities, and in particular, distinguishing between learning arising from the internal organization of R&D activities and learning from externally contracting these activities. We use a representative sample of Spanish manufacturing firms for the period 1990-2006, and within an innovation production function approach, we estimate count data models to investigate the influence of firms¿ in-house and externally contracted R&D experience in the achievement of innovative results. Our results show that learning is important in the achievement of product innovations when the firms organize R&D activities internally, and that experience from externally contracted R&D activities does not influence the number of product innovations.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie) in its series Working Papers. Serie EC with number 2009-11.

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Length: 46 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2009
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published by Ivie
Handle: RePEc:ivi:wpasec:2009-11

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Keywords: innovation; accumulation of knowledge; in-house R&D experience; externally contracted R&D experience; count data models. innovación; acumulación de conocimiento; experiencia en I+D interna; experiencia en I+D contratada externamente; modelos para datos ¿count¿.;

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References

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  1. Bruno Crepon & Emmanuel Duguet & Jacques Mairessec, 1998. "Research, Innovation And Productivi[Ty: An Econometric Analysis At The Firm Level," Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 7(2), pages 115-158.
  2. Loof, Hans & Heshmati, Almas, 2002. "Knowledge capital and performance heterogeneity: : A firm-level innovation study," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 76(1), pages 61-85, March.
  3. Marcos Vera-Hernández & Aida Galiano Martínez, 2008. "Health shocks, household consumption, and child nutrition," Working Papers. Serie EC 2008-14, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
  4. Francisco José Goerlich Gisbert & Rafael Pinilla Pallejà, 2009. "Esperanzas de vida libres de discapacidad por sexo y comunidad autónoma: 2004-2006," Working Papers. Serie EC 2009-13, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
  5. Juan A. M��Ez & Mar�A E. Rochina-Barrachina & Amparo Sanchis & Juan A. Sanchis, 2009. "THE ROLE OF SUNK COSTS IN THE DECISION TO INVEST IN R&D -super-* ," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 57(4), pages 712-735, December.
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Cited by:
  1. Jacint Balaguer Coll, 2009. "The market integration process under different regulatory regimes: evidence from the European car sector," Working Papers. Serie EC 2009-16, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
  2. Julio Rosa & Pierre Mohnen, 2013. "Doing R&D in a Closed or Open Mode: Dynamics and Impacts on Productivity," CIRANO Working Papers 2013s-42, CIRANO.
  3. Elena Pardo & Inés Küster Boluda & Torpong Suemanotham, 2010. "Product placement in video games as a marketing strategy: an attempt to analysis in Disney company," Working Papers. Serie EC 2010-04, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
  4. Nikolaos Georgantzis & Aitor Ciarreta & Carlos Gutiérrez-Hita, 2010. "Renewable sources, technology mix, and competiton in liberalized electricity markets: the case of Spain," Working Papers. Serie EC 2010-06, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
  5. Francisco Mas Ruiz & Juan Luis Nicolau Gonzálbez, 2010. "Contribution of individual to collective brands," Working Papers. Serie EC 2010-07, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
  6. Maria Teresa Balaguer-Coll & Diego Prior & Emili Tortosa-Ausina, 2010. "Devolution dynamics of Spanish local government," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 42(6), pages 1476-1495, June.
  7. Ángel Pardo Tornero & María Dolores Furió Ortega, 2010. "Politics and elections at the Spanish stock exchange," Working Papers. Serie EC 2010-11, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
  8. Ana María Sabater & Araceli Mora & Beatriz García Osma, 2010. "Strategic accounting choice around firm level labour negotiations," Working Papers. Serie EC 2010-09, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
  9. M. Teresa Sanchis Llopis & Vicente Esteve Garcia & Antonio Cubel, 2010. "International technology diffusion through patents during the second half of the XXth century," Working Papers. Serie EC 2010-10, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
  10. Ginés Hernández Cánovas & María Camino Ramón Llorens, 2010. "Venture capitalists in Spain: cluster analysis of criteria used in the screening process," Working Papers. Serie EC 2010-08, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).

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