Offshoring, Exporting, and Jobs
AbstractWe construct a heterogeneous-firm model with a continuum of inputs to study the impact of offshoring on job flows at both the intensive and extensive margins. We identify three channels through which a reduction in the cost of offshoring affects firm-level employment: a job-relocation effect, a productivity effect, and a competition effect. Whether there is net job creation or job destruction crucially depends on the elasticity of substitution between inputs: the greater the elasticity, the more likely it is that offshoring causes overall job destruction. When firms are allowed to export, a reduction in the cost of offshoring makes offshoring firms more productive in the export market, which leads to further job creation. This offshoring-induced job creation due to exporting possibilities increases the likelihood that the overall effect of offshoring on industry employment is positive.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University of California-Irvine, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 121312.
Length: 40 pages
Date of creation: Apr 2013
Date of revision:
Heterogeneous firms; Employment; Offshoring costs;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
- F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions
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