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Búsqueda de rentas y democracia en América Latina: ¿Qué impulsa a qué?

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  • César Calderón
  • Alberto Chong

    ()

Abstract

(Disponible en idioma inglés únicamente) Este trabajo recoge datos institucionales objetivos no empleados anteriormente para ofrecer elementos de juicio sobre la relación de causalidad que hay entre la conducta de procura de rentas y la democracia en Uruguay, un país donde tanto dichas conductas como los altibajos políticos han variado ampliamente en los últimos 80 años, pero donde la heterogeneidad etnolingüística y la desigualdad del ingreso se han mantenido en niveles bajos por muchísimo tiempo. Esto último ayuda a mejor identificar algunas interacciones políticas "puras" y cómo las mismas se vinculan con resultados de procura de rentas. Descubrimos que la presencia y la duración de los regímenes democráticos parecen haber propiciado una disminución de las conductas de procura de rentas en Uruguay, aunque dicha disminución no parece haber tenido efecto alguno en la calidad del sistema democrático del país. Aunque la duración del sistema democrático puede influir en las conductas de procura de rentas, éstas también muestran una relación de causalidad con la duración de la democracia.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department in its series Research Department Publications with number 4436.

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Date of creation: Jan 2006
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Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:4436

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  1. Alberto Chong & Luisa Zanforlin, 2004. "Inward-Looking Policies, Institutions, Autocrats, and Economic Growth in Latin America: An Empirical Exploration," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 121(3), pages 335-361, December.
  2. Mauro, Paolo, 1995. "Corruption and Growth," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 110(3), pages 681-712, August.
  3. Stephen Knack & Philip Keefer, 1995. "Institutions And Economic Performance: Cross-Country Tests Using Alternative Institutional Measures," Economics and Politics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 7(3), pages 207-227, November.
  4. Martín Rama, 1994. "Endogenous Trade Policy: A Time-Series Approach," Economics and Politics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 6(3), pages 215-232, November.
  5. Brennan,Geoffrey & Buchanan,James M., 1980. "The Power to Tax," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521233293, October.
  6. Wittman, Donald, 1989. "Why Democracies Produce Efficient Results," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 97(6), pages 1395-1424, December.
  7. Cesar Calderon & Alberto Chong, 2006. "Do Democracies Breed Rent-seeking Behavior?," Journal of Economic Policy Reform, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 9(4), pages 247-260.
  8. Sendhil Mullainathan & Marianne Bertrand, 2001. "Do People Mean What They Say? Implications for Subjective Survey Data," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 91(2), pages 67-72, May.
  9. Alberto Chong & Luisa Zanforlin, 2001. "Inward-Looking Policies, Institutions, Autocrats, and Economic Growth in Latin America: An Empirical Exploration," Research Department Publications 4255, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  10. A. Chong & C. Calderón, 2000. "Causality and Feedback Between Institutional Measures and Economic Growth," Economics and Politics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 12(1), pages 69-81, 03.
  11. Taylor, Alan M., 1998. "On the Costs of Inward-Looking Development: Price Distortions, Growth, and Divergence in Latin America," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 58(01), pages 1-28, March.
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