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Cross-Border Mergers and Acquisitions of Multinational Firms. New Firm-Level Evidence

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Abstract

FDI is an important channel for productivity spillovers across economies. But productivity and employment effects of cross-border mergers and acquisitions (M&A) on multinational firms are rather unclear and much disputed. We empirically analyze the effects of cross-border M&A on the performance of multinationals in Germany using new data on the firm-level. In order to control for possible selection biases we use a propensity score matching approach. We find that, first, foreign-owned multinationals are smaller but more productive than their domestic counterparts in the mean. But controlling for differences in the industrial composition and firm size, foreign-owned multinationals are larger in terms of capital, sales, and value added. The difference of total factor productivity amounts to 6 %. Second, multinationals show quite heterogeneous performances after cross-border M&A. Third, we do not find an average causal effect of cross-border M&A on the employment of the acquired multinational firm. But most importantly, the causal effect of cross-border M&A on the multinationals’ productivity is positive and significant.

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File URL: http://www.iaw.edu/RePEc/iaw/pdf/iaw_dp_62.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institut für Angewandte Wirtschaftsforschung (IAW) in its series IAW Discussion Papers with number 62.

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Length: 26 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iaw:iawdip:62

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Keywords: FDI; Spillover; foreign ownership; cross-border M&A; productivity; employment effects;

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References

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  1. Bandick, Roger & Karpaty, Patrick, 2007. "Foregin Acquisition and Employment Effects in Swedish Manufacturing," Working Papers 2007:10, Örebro University, School of Business.
  2. Christian Bellak & Michael Pfaffermayr & Michael Wild, 2006. "Firm Performance after Ownership Change: A Matching Estimator Approach," Applied Economics Quarterly (formerly: Konjunkturpolitik), Duncker & Humblot, Berlin, vol. 52(1), pages 29-54.
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Cited by:
  1. John P. Weche Geluebcke, 2012. "Foreign and Domestic Takeovers in Germany: Cherry-picking and Lemon-grabbing," Working Paper Series in Economics 240, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics.
  2. John Weche Gelübcke, 2013. "The performance of foreign affiliates in German manufacturing: evidence from a new database," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 149(1), pages 151-182, March.
  3. John P. Weche Geluebcke, 2012. "Foreign and Domestic Takeovers in Germany: First Comparative Evidence on the Post-acquisition Target Performance using new Data," Working Paper Series in Economics 249, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics.
  4. John P. Weche Geluebcke, 2011. "Foreign Ownership and Firm Performance in German Services: First Evidence based on Official Statistics," Working Paper Series in Economics 213, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics.
  5. Adriana Peluffo, 2013. "Foreign direct investment, productivity, demand for skilled labour and wage inequality: an analysis for Uruguay," Documentos de Trabajo basados en Monografías (students working papers) 13-02, Instituto de Economía - IECON.

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