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Delinquency and Gender

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  • Guyonne Kalb

    ()
    (Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, The University of Melbourne)

  • Jenny Williams

    ()
    (Department of Economics, The University of Adelaide)

Abstract

This paper investigates the determinants of juvenile delinquency for males and females using the 1958 Philadelphia Birth Cohort Study. Ordered probit models for juvenile arrest are estimated separately for males and females. An adaptation of the EM-algorithm is used to estimate the model for females in order address a problem of missing values for the variable linking demographic and arrest data. The results indicate that juvenile arrests for both males and females are more likely for nonwhites and for those who leave education early. Males and females behave differently, in that males are more likely to be repeat offenders.

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File URL: http://www.melbourneinstitute.com/downloads/working_paper_series/wp2001n13.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, The University of Melbourne in its series Melbourne Institute Working Paper Series with number wp2001n13.

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Length: 30 pages
Date of creation: Nov 2001
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iae:iaewps:wp2001n13

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Postal: Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, The University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010 Australia
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References

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  1. Richard B. Freeman, 1996. "Why Do So Many Young American Men Commit Crimes and What Might We Do about It?," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 10(1), pages 25-42, Winter.
  2. Guyonne Kalb & Jenny Williams, 2001. "Delinquency and Gender," Melbourne Institute Working Paper Series wp2001n13, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, The University of Melbourne.
  3. Kloek, Tuen & van Dijk, Herman K, 1978. "Bayesian Estimates of Equation System Parameters: An Application of Integration by Monte Carlo," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 46(1), pages 1-19, January.
  4. Jonathan Gruber, 2000. "Risky Behavior Among Youths: An Economic Analysis," NBER Working Papers 7781, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. van Dijk, H. K. & Kloek, T., 1980. "Further experience in Bayesian analysis using Monte Carlo integration," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 14(3), pages 307-328, December.
  6. Had Phillips & Harold Votey, 1987. "Rational choice models of crimes by youth," The Review of Black Political Economy, Springer, vol. 16(1), pages 129-187, June.
  7. Steven D. Levitt & Lance Lochner, 2001. "The Determinants of Juvenile Crime," NBER Chapters, in: Risky Behavior among Youths: An Economic Analysis, pages 327-374 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Grogger, Jeff, 1998. "Market Wages and Youth Crime," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 16(4), pages 756-91, October.
  9. Case, A.C. & Katz, L.F., 1991. "The Company You Keep: The Effects Of Family And Neighborhood On Disadvantaged Younths," Harvard Institute of Economic Research Working Papers 1555, Harvard - Institute of Economic Research.
  10. Ann Dryden Witte & Helen Tauchen, 1994. "Work and Crime: An Exploration Using Panel Data," NBER Working Papers 4794, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  11. Witte, Ann D & Tauchen, Helen, 1994. "Work and Crime: An Exploration Using Panel Data," Public Finance = Finances publiques, , vol. 49(Supplemen), pages 155-67.
  12. Guyonne Kalb, 1998. "An Australian Model for Labour Supply and Welfare Participation in Two-Adult Households," Discussion Papers 0082, University of New South Wales, Social Policy Research Centre.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Derek Pyne, 2010. "When is it efficient to treat juvenile offenders more leniently than adult offenders?," Economics of Governance, Springer, vol. 11(4), pages 351-371, November.
  2. Guyonne Kalb & Jenny Williams, 2001. "Delinquency and Gender," Melbourne Institute Working Paper Series wp2001n13, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, The University of Melbourne.
  3. Heather Koball & Robin Dion & rew Gothro & Maura Bardos & Amy Dworsky & Jiffy Lansing & Matthew Stagner & Danijela Korom-Djakovic & Carla Herrera & Alice Elizabeth Manning, 2011. "Synthesis of Research and Resources to Support at-Risk Youth," Mathematica Policy Research Reports 7072, Mathematica Policy Research.

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