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The Cost of Tractability and the Calvo Pricing Assumption

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  • Fang Yao
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Abstract

This paper demonstrates that tractability gained from the Calvo pricing assumption is costly in terms of aggregate dynamics. I derive a generalized New Keynesian Phillips curve featuring a generalized hazard function, non-zero steady state inflation and real rigidity. An- alytically, I find that important dynamics in the NKPC are canceled out due to the restrictive Calvo assumption. I also present a general result, showing that, under certain conditions, this generalized Calvo pricing model generates the same aggregate dynamics as the gen- eralized Taylor model with heterogeneous price durations. The richer dynamic structure introduced by the non-constant hazards is also quantitatively important to the inflation dy- namics. Incorporation of real rigidity and trend inflation strengthen this effect even further. With reasonable parameter values, the model accounts for hump-shaped impulse responses of inflation to the monetary shock, and the real effects of monetary shocks are 2-3 times higher than those in the Calvo model.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany in its series SFB 649 Discussion Papers with number SFB649DP2009-042.

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Length: 35 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2009
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Handle: RePEc:hum:wpaper:sfb649dp2009-042

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Keywords: Hazard function; Nominal rigidity; Real rigidity; New Keynesian Phillips curve;

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References

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  1. Kevin D. Sheedy, 2007. "Intrinsic inflation persistence," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 3739, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
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  14. Taylor, John B, 1980. "Aggregate Dynamics and Staggered Contracts," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 88(1), pages 1-23, February.
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  16. Carlos Carvalho, 2005. "Heterogeneity in Price Setting and the Real Effects of Monetary Shocks," Macroeconomics 0509017, EconWPA, revised 12 Sep 2005.
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As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
  1. Calvo pricing is a costly assumption
    by Economic Logician in Economic Logic on 2009-10-27 14:15:00
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Cited by:
  1. Fang Yao, 2010. "Aggregate Hazard Function in Price-Setting: A Bayesian Analysis Using Macro Data," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2010-020, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.

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