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Surveying Technology-Based Small Firms: A Perspective From Belgium

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  • Bozkaya, Ant
  • Romain, Astrid
  • Pottelsberghe de la Potterie, Bruno van

Abstract

This paper details a survey methodology on technology-based small firms (TBSF) in Belgium. The survey's objective is to better understand the factors underlying the creation and development of firms with high growth potentials. In this respect it focuses on the socio-economic factors associated with the entrepreneurs, on the national framework conditions affecting entrepreneurship and on the financial architecture of the firms. The survey data of 103 TBSFs shows that 82 percent of entrepreneurs finance their firms with their own personal savings at seed stage. The debt-financing funds mostly in the form of government subsidies of all kind and commercial bank loans are the secondary source of finance and together constitute the biggest portion of total external finance. 26 percent of these firms had at start-up stage been recipient of venture capital funds and 20 percent of "angel" funds. There is also evidence that as firms get older the proportion of internal finance decreases while external finance first increases at start-up, peaks at early growth, and gradually decreases at later stages of development. Several strengths and weaknesses of the Belgian framework conditions for entrepreneurship are identified. The results also allow to better understand the key socio-cultural determinants of entrepreneurs themselves. 97 percent of technology-based small firm entrepreneurs are male. Over 80 percent of entrepreneurs in the survey have a university degree and 42 percent hold post-graduate degrees. We briefly discuss these findings in light of existing literature.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute of Innovation Research, Hitotsubashi University in its series IIR Working Paper with number 03-23.

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Length: 34 p.
Date of creation: Nov 2003
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hit:iirwps:03-23

Note: First Draft: November 2003
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Keywords: technology-based small firms; entrepreneurship; start-up financing; survey data;

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References

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Cited by:
  1. ANT Bozkaya & Bruno Van Pottelsberghe, 2004. "Who Funds Technology-Based Small Firms? Evidence from Belgium," Working Papers CEB 04-027.RS, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  2. Dalhammar, Tobias & Brown, Terrence E., 2006. "Industrial effects on resource acquisition: Immigrant enterprises in Kista, Stockholm," Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation 56, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies.

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