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Does Providing Childcare to Unemployed Affect Unemployment Duration?

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  • Vikman, Ulrika

    ()
    (Uppsala Center for Labor Studies)

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    Abstract

    This paper examines if the probability of leaving unemployment changes for unemployed parents with young children when childcare is available. To investigate this, I use the heterogeneity among Swedish municipalities before the implementation of a 2001 Swedish childcare reform making it mandatory for municipalities to o er childcare to unemployed parents for at least 15 hours per week. In the study di erence-in-di erences and di erence-in-di erence-indi erences methods are used. The results indicate a positive e ect on the probability of leaving unemployment for mothers when childcare is available, but no e ect is found for fathers. For mothers, some heterogeneous e ects are also found, with a greater e ect on the probability of leaving unemployment for work when childcare is available for mothers with only compulsory schooling or university education and mothers with two children.

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    File URL: http://www.ucls.nek.uu.se/digitalAssets/136/136462_20107.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Uppsala University, Department of Economics in its series Working Paper Series, Center for Labor Studies with number 2010:7.

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    Length: 46 pages
    Date of creation: 06 May 2010
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:hhs:uulswp:2010_007

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    Postal: Department of Economics, Uppsala University, P. O. Box 513, SE-751 20 Uppsala, Sweden
    Phone: + 46 18 471 25 00
    Fax: + 46 18 471 14 78
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    Web page: http://www.nek.uu.se/
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    Related research

    Keywords: Unemployment duration; Childcare;

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    1. Van den Berg, Gerard J., 2001. "Duration models: specification, identification and multiple durations," Handbook of Econometrics, in: J.J. Heckman & E.E. Leamer (ed.), Handbook of Econometrics, edition 1, volume 5, chapter 55, pages 3381-3460 Elsevier.
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