The Theory of New Economic Geography and Industrial Location in SADC
AbstractThis paper evaluates the new theories of trade and economic geography in the light of the pattern of regional specialisation in Southern Africa. The analysis is applied to the nine South African provinces and the SADC member countries of 1995, except Angola. Based on Gini coefficients, the regional specialisation of provinces and countries and dispersion/concentration of manufacturing employment are revealed, reflecting the outcomes of import substitution, the export-oriented policy of Mauritius and, finally, the trade liberalisation within the Southern African Customs Union (SACU). Industry location and centrality of regions are analysed, and the findings indicate that industries subject to internal and external scale economies are geographically concentrated in regions with large home markets, while access to nearby regional markets appears to be of minor importance.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Lund University, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 2000:6.
Length: 23 pages
Date of creation: 25 Sep 2000
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in South African Journal of Economics, 2002, pages 1222-1246.
Contact details of provider:
Postal: Department of Economics, School of Economics and Management, Lund University, Box 7082, S-220 07 Lund,Sweden
Phone: +46 +46 222 0000
Fax: +46 +46 2224613
Web page: http://www.nek.lu.se/en
More information through EDIRC
economic geography; industrial location; market integration; specialisation;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
- R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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The World Economy,
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- Seravalli, Gilberto, 2011. "Neither easy nor impossible: Local development economics and policy," MPRA Paper 32743, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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