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Assessing the Employment Effects of Labor Market Training Programs in Sweden

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Author Info

  • Andrén , Daniela

    ()
    (Department of Economics, School of Economics and Commercial Law, Göteborg University)

  • Andrén, Thomas

    ()
    (Department of Economics, School of Economics and Commercial Law, Göteborg University)

Abstract

Several studies have examined the effects of training programs on employment. Most of them assume that the effects of training are constant for all potential trainees. We use an econometric framework that allows studying the heterogeneous training effects on discrete outcomes. The treatment effect is allowed to vary depending on the trainee’s observable and unobservable characteristics, and allows selection into training to be determined in part by the trainee’s idiosyncratic treatment effect. Furthermore, we investigate the importance of the unobservables in the selection to training and how efficient the selection is with respect to the outcome. The results show small positive effects for the Swedish-born. The treatment on the treated is larger than the average treatment effect, indicating that the selection is stronger for the treated, and 40% of those treated gain by participating in training. Foreign-born have a negative effect from training the first year, with an average treatment effect larger than the treatment on the treated. From those who participated in training, only 11% experienced positive effect, while 38% were hurt by the training. The unobserved factors are important in the selection to training, as well as for the outcome. The effect of the selection is stronger for Swedish-born compared to foreign-born.

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File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2077/2874
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers in Economics with number 70.

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Length: 41 pages
Date of creation: 30 May 2002
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hhs:gunwpe:0070

Contact details of provider:
Postal: Department of Economics, School of Business, Economics and Law, University of Gothenburg, Box 640, SE 405 30 GÖTEBORG, Sweden
Phone: 031-773 10 00
Web page: http://www.handels.gu.se/econ/
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Related research

Keywords: labor market training; one factor model; selection; heterogeneous response; unobserved heterogeneity; treatment on the treated;

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References

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  1. James J. Heckman & Jeffrey A. Smith, 1998. "Evaluating the Welfare State," NBER Working Papers 6542, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. repec:rus:hseeco:10108 is not listed on IDEAS
  3. Calmfors, Lars & Forslund, Anders & Hemström, Maria, 2002. "Does active labour market policy work? Lessons from the Swedish experiences," Working Paper Series 2002:4, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy.
  4. Robert J. LaLonde, 1995. "The Promise of Public Sector-Sponsored Training Programs," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 9(2), pages 149-168, Spring.
  5. Ashenfelter, Orley C, 1978. "Estimating the Effect of Training Programs on Earnings," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 60(1), pages 47-57, February.
  6. Arild Aakvik & James J. Heckman & Edward J. Vytlacil, 2000. "Treatment Effects for Discrete Outcomes when Responses to Treatment Vary Among Observationally Identical Persons: An Application to Norwegian ..," NBER Technical Working Papers 0262, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. Heckman, James J. & Robb, Richard Jr., 1985. "Alternative methods for evaluating the impact of interventions : An overview," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 30(1-2), pages 239-267.
  8. Bjorklund, Anders & Moffitt, Robert, 1987. "The Estimation of Wage Gains and Welfare Gains in Self-selection," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 69(1), pages 42-49, February.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Jochen Kluve, 2006. "The Effectiveness of European Active Labor Market Policy," RWI Discussion Papers 0037, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung.
  2. Graversen, Brian Krogh & Jensen, Peter, 2006. "A Reappraisal of the Virtues of Private Sector Employment Programmes," IZA Discussion Papers 2230, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Christian Volpe Martincus & Jerónimo Carballo, 2010. "Entering new country and product markets: does export promotion help?," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 146(3), pages 437-467, September.

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