Modelling the spatial patterns of influenza incidence in Sweden
AbstractInformation about the spatial spread of epidemics can be useful for many purposes. The spatial aspect of Swedish influenza data was analyzed with the main aim of finding patterns that could be useful for statistical surveillance of the outbreak, i.e. for detecting an increase in incidence as soon as possible. In Sweden, two types of data are collected during the influenza season: laboratory diagnosed cases (LDI), collected by a number of laboratories, and cases of influenza-like illness (ILI), c... merollected by a number of selected physicians. Quality problems were found for both types of data but were most severe for ILI. No evidence for a geographical pattern was found. Instead, it was found that the influenza outbreak starts at about the same time in the major cities and then occurs in the rest of the country. The data were divided into two groups, a metropolitan group representing the major cities and a locality group representing the rest of the country. The properties of the metropolitan group and the locality group were studied and it was found that the time difference in the onset of the outbreak was about one week. Both parametric and nonparametric regression models were suggested.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Statistical Research Unit, Department of Economics, School of Business, Economics and Law, University of Gothenburg in its series Research Reports with number 2010:1.
Length: 17 pages
Date of creation: 17 Sep 2010
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published as Schiöler, Linus, 'Modelling the spatial patterns of influenza incidence in Sweden' in Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 2011, pages 427-436.
Contact details of provider:
Postal: Statistical Research Unit, University of Gothenburg, Box 640, SE 40530 GÖTEBORG
Web page: http://www.statistics.gu.se/
Influenza; Sweden; onset of outbreak; statistical models; spatial; monitoring;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- C10 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - General
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2010-09-25 (All new papers)
- NEP-HEA-2010-09-25 (Health Economics)
- NEP-URE-2010-09-25 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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