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Capital-Skill Complementarity and Rigid Relative Wages

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  • Skaksen, Jan Rose

    (Department of Economics, Copenhagen Business School)

  • Sørensen , Anders

    (Department of Economics, Copenhagen Business School)

Abstract

The relative demand for skills has increased considerably in many OECD countries during recent decades. This development is potentially explained by capital-skill complementarity and high growth rates of capital equipment. When production functions are characterized by capital-skill complementarity, relative wages and employment of skilled labor are countercyclical because capital equipment is a quasi-fixed factor in the short run. The exact behavior of the two variables depends on relative wage flexibility. Relative wages are rigid in Denmark, implying that the employment share of skills should be countercyclical. The labor market is competitive in the United States and therefore relative wages of skilled labor are expected to be countercyclical. We find that the business cycle development of the two economies is consistent with capital-skill complementarity.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Copenhagen Business School, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 10-2004.

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Length: 30 pages
Date of creation: 08 Sep 2006
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hhs:cbsnow:2004_010

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Postal: Department of Economics, Copenhagen Business School, Solbjerg Plads 3 C, 5. sal, DK-2000 Frederiksberg, Denmark
Phone: 38 15 25 75
Fax: 38 15 34 99
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Web page: http://www.cbs.dk/departments/econ/
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Keywords: capital-skill complementarity; relative wages; business cycle;

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References

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  13. Per Krusell & Lee E. Ohanian & Jose-Victor Rios-Rull & Giovanni L. Violante, 1997. "Capital-skill complementarity and inequality: a macroeconomic analysis," Staff Report, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis 239, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
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