Social Capital, Corruption and Economic Growth: Eastern and Western Europe
AbstractWe hypothesize, that power centralisation in a political system leads to more corruption due to the monopoly power status of bureaucrats. Corruption again would then lead to a lower level of social capital, here measured as trust, and slow down economic growth even further. Indeed, when comparing the tables and weighted averages for corruption and trust, highly corrupt countries such as those in Eastern Europe, also tend have the lowest level of trust. In general, low levels of trust (measured as general trust and civic participation) are also related to smaller Gross Domestic Product per capita levels. A similar pattern is observed within Western Europe. In the European Union, ‘Northern EU’ member states generally hold less corruption, more trust and higher Gross Domestic Product per capita compared to ‘Southern EU’ member states. In perspective, the fate of Eastern Europe could then be a lesson for how to decentralise power and accumulate trust in the future thus establishing better economic policies and the general business climate for entrepreneurship.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University of Aarhus, Aarhus School of Business, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 03-21.
Length: 31 pages
Date of creation: 28 Jan 2003
Date of revision:
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Postal: The Aarhus School of Business, Prismet, Silkeborgvej 2, DK 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark
Phone: +45 89 486396
Fax: +45 8615 5175
Web page: http://www.asb.dk/departments/nat.aspx
More information through EDIRC
Social capital; trust; public policy; corruption; economic growth; Eastern Europe; Western Europe;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- A12 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Relation of Economics to Other Disciplines
- C71 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - Cooperative Games
- D23 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Organizational Behavior; Transaction Costs; Property Rights
- D60 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - General
- D70 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - General
- Z13 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Social and Economic Stratification
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2004-02-01 (All new papers)
- NEP-EEC-2004-02-01 (European Economics)
- NEP-LTV-2004-02-01 (Unemployment, Inequality & Poverty)
- NEP-POL-2004-02-01 (Positive Political Economics)
- NEP-TRA-2004-02-01 (Transition Economics)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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