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What Determines Stock Option Contract Design?

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Author Info

  • Pasternack, Daniel

    ()
    (Swedish School of Economics and Business Administration)

  • Rosenberg, Matts

    ()
    (Swedish School of Economics and Business Administration)

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    Abstract

    This paper analyzes factors driving the design of stock option plans for Finnish firms. We examine determinants of the scope of plans, exercise price, target group, and dividend protection. The scope is found to be negatively related to Tobin’s Q and positively related to proxies for monitoring costs. The scope is also greater in broad-based plans, and in plans with dividend protection. Prior stock return is found to be negatively related to the size of the premium (out-of-the-moneyness), whereas dividend protection increases the premium. The results also suggest that investment intensity, cash flow, and monitoring costs are associated with the likelihood of granting premium (out-of-the-money) stock options. Furthermore, the likelihood of granting broad-based plans is increasing in institutional ownership and cash flow constraints, and decreasing in firm size. Broad-based plans are also more likely among firms in growth industries. We find support that the likelihood of dividend protection is decreasing in foreign ownership. In addition, firms paying zero-dividends are less likely to include dividend protection, whereas higher unsystematic risk is associated with a greater likelihood of including dividend protection.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Hanken School of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 498.

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    Length: 44 pages
    Date of creation: 19 Jun 2003
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:hhb:hanken:0498

    Contact details of provider:
    Postal: Hanken School of Economics, Arkadiankatu 22, P.O.B. 479; FIN 00101 Helsinki, Finland
    Phone: +358-9-431 331
    Fax: +358-9-431 33 333
    Web page: http://www.hanken.fi
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    Related research

    Keywords: Stock option contract design; Optimal contracting; Agency costs;

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    References

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    Cited by:
    1. Jones, Derek C. & Kalmi, Panu & Mäkinen, Mikko, 2004. "The Determinants of Stock Option Compensation: Evidence from Finland," Discussion Papers 957, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.

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