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Agricultural Productivity Across Prussia During the Industrial Revolution: A ThŸnen Perspective

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  • Michael Kopsidis

    ()
    (IAMO Halle)

  • Nikolaus Wolf

    ()
    (Humboldt-University Berlin and CEPR)

Abstract

This paper explores the pattern of agricultural productivity across 19th century Prussia to gain new insights on the causes of the ÒLittle DivergenceÓ between European regions. We argue that access to urban demand was the dominant factor explaining the gradient of agricultural productivity as had been suggested much earlier theoretically by von ThŸnen (1826) and empirically by Engel (1867). This is in line with recent findings on a limited degree of interregional market integration in 19th century Prussia.

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File URL: http://ehes.org/EHES_No13.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by European Historical Economics Society (EHES) in its series Working Papers with number 0013.

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Length: 41 pages
Date of creation: Jan 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hes:wpaper:0013

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Keywords: Prussia; Agricultural Productivity; Industrialisation; Market Access;

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References

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  1. Daron Acemoglu & Davide Cantoni & Simon Johnson & James A. Robinson, 2009. "The Consequences of Radical Reform: The French Revolution," NBER Working Papers 14831, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Grantham, George, 1989. "Agricultural Supply During the Industrial Revolution: French Evidence and European Implications," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 49(01), pages 43-72, March.
  3. Allen, Robert C., 1992. "Enclosure and the Yeoman: The Agricultural Development of the South Midlands 1450-1850," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198282969.
  4. Allen,Robert C., 2009. "The British Industrial Revolution in Global Perspective," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521868273, November.
  5. Martin Uebele, 2010. "Demand Matters: German Wheat Market Integration 1806-1855 in a European Context," CQE Working Papers 1110, Center for Quantitative Economics (CQE), University of Muenster.
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  7. Nikolaus Wolf, 2008. "Was Germany Ever United? Evidence from Intra- and International Trade 1885-1933," CEP Discussion Papers dp0870, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  8. Martin Uebele, 2009. "International and National Wheat Market Integration in the 19th Century: A Comovement Analysis," CQE Working Papers 0409, Center for Quantitative Economics (CQE), University of Muenster.
  9. Allen, Robert C., 2001. "The Great Divergence in European Wages and Prices from the Middle Ages to the First World War," Explorations in Economic History, Elsevier, vol. 38(4), pages 411-447, October.
  10. Clark, Gregory, 1987. "Productivity Growth without Technical Change in European Agriculture before 1850," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 47(02), pages 419-432, June.
  11. Clark, Gregory, 2002. "Land rental values and the agrarian economy: England and Wales, 1500 1914," European Review of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 6(03), pages 281-308, December.
  12. Grantham, George W., 1978. "The Diffusion of the New Husbandry in Northern France, 1815–1840," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 38(02), pages 311-337, June.
  13. Kopsidis, Michael & Hockmann, Heinrich, 2010. "Technical change in Westphalian peasant agriculture and the rise of the Ruhr, circa 1830–1880," European Review of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 14(02), pages 209-237, August.
  14. Allen, Robert C, 1982. "The Efficiency and Distributional Consequences of Eighteenth Century Enclosures," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 92(368), pages 937-53, December.
  15. Grantham, George, 1999. "Contra Ricardo: On the macroeconomics of pre-industrial economies," European Review of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 3(02), pages 199-232, August.
  16. Allen, Robert C., 2000. "Economic structure and agricultural productivity in Europe, 1300 1800," European Review of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 4(01), pages 1-25, April.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Michael Kopsidis, 2012. "Missed Opportunity or Inevitable Failure? The Search for Industrialization in Southeast Europe 1870-1940," Working Papers 0019, European Historical Economics Society (EHES).
  2. Michael Kopsidis & Katja Bruisch & Daniel W. Bromley, 2013. "Where is the Backward Peasant? Regional Crop Yields on Common and Private Land in Russia 1883-1913," Working Papers 0046, European Historical Economics Society (EHES).
  3. Carlos Santiago-Caballero, 2012. "Explaining wheat yields in eighteenth-century Spain," Working Papers in Economic History wp12-05, Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Historia Económica e Instituciones.
  4. Michael Kopsidis & Ulrich Pfister, 2013. "Agricultural development during early industrialization in a low-wage economy: Saxony, c. 1790-1830," Working Papers 0039, European Historical Economics Society (EHES).
  5. Pablo Martinelli, 2012. "Von Thünen South of the Alps : Access to Markets and Interwar Italian Agriculture," Working Papers in Economic History wp12-12, Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Historia Económica e Instituciones.
  6. Michael Kopsidis, 2012. "Peasant Agriculture and Economic Growth: The Case of Southeast Europe c. 1870-1940 reinterpreted," Working Papers 0028, European Historical Economics Society (EHES).

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