Unemployment Insurance Tax Burdens and Benefits: Funding Family Leave and Reforming the Payroll Tax
AbstractWe examine the distributional consequences of the Unemployment Insurance (UI) payroll tax. Applying the ability-to-pay principle of equity, the UI payroll tax is quite regressive, while applying the benefits principle makes the UI program look quite good. We then simulate a revenue-neutral increase of the UI tax base to the OASDI tax base level, which appears equity-enhancing under the ability-to-pay principle, but has mixed effects under the benefits principle. Finally, providing family leave within the UI system would maintain the regressivity that violates the ability-to-pay principle of equity, but would agree much better with the benefits principle.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Harris School of Public Policy Studies, University of Chicago in its series Working Papers with number 0601.
Date of creation: Dec 2005
Date of revision:
unemployment insurance; payroll tax; family leave;
Other versions of this item:
- Anderson, Patricia M. & Meyer, Bruce D., 2006. "Unemployment Insurance Tax Burdens and Benefits: Funding Family Leave and Reforming the Payroll Tax," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association, vol. 59(1), pages 77-95, March Cit.
- Patricia M. Anderson & Bruce D. Meyer, 2003. "Unemployment Insurance Tax Burdens and Benefits: Funding Family Leave and Reforming the Payroll Tax," NBER Working Papers 10043, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- H2 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue
- J6 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers
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0903, Harris School of Public Policy Studies, University of Chicago.
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