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Les disparités de prise d'arrêts maladie entre secteurs d'activité en France : une analyse longitudinale sur données administratives

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  • Thomas Barnay

    ()
    (ERUDITE - Equipe de Recherche sur l'Utilisation des Données Individuelles Temporelles en Economie - Université Paris-Est Créteil Val-de-Marne (UPEC) : EA437 - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée (UPEMLV), TEPP - Travail, Emploi et Politiques Publiques - CNRS : FR3435 - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée (UPEMLV))

  • Sandrine Juin

    ()
    (ERUDITE - Equipe de Recherche sur l'Utilisation des Données Individuelles Temporelles en Economie - Université Paris-Est Créteil Val-de-Marne (UPEC) : EA437 - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée (UPEMLV), TEPP - Travail, Emploi et Politiques Publiques - CNRS : FR3435 - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée (UPEMLV), INED - Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques Paris - INED)

  • Renaud Legal

    ()
    (DREES - Centre de Recherche du DREES - Ministère de l'Emploi et de la Solidarité)

Abstract

The main objective of this study is to analyze the effect of the professional environment on sick leaves. It is important in order to identify the potential policies to implement to control health expenditures (e.g. through the improvement of working conditions). This professional context is approximated by the Business sector. The database used - Hygie (2005-2008) - allows taking into account individual heterogeneity thanks to the longitudinal dimension. Sick leave probability is estimated through an individual fixed effects logit model and the duration (number of sickness absence days) is estimated through a fixed effects Poisson model. The results show that Business sector differ in sick leave duration rather than in the occurrence. Indeed, taking into account differences in health status and wages reduces the variability in sick leave probability between sectors by half. On the other hand, the sector remains decisive in explaining sick leave durations. This residual variability may refer to unobserved differences in working conditions, in the generosity of sick pay benefits or in job insecurity. These results may call into question the financing of sick leaves, which contrary to accidents at work and professional diseases, only depends on social security contributions.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HAL in its series Working Papers with number hal-00920772.

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Date of creation: 19 Dec 2013
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Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-00920772

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Keywords: Arrêts maladie; secteurs d'activité; Modèle de poisson;

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  1. Henrekson, Magnus & Persson, Mats, 2001. "The Effects on Sick Leave of Changes in the Sickness Insurance System," Working Paper Series in Economics and Finance 0444, Stockholm School of Economics, revised 08 Aug 2001.
  2. Anne Case & Angus S. Deaton, 2005. "Broken Down by Work and Sex: How Our Health Declines," NBER Chapters, in: Analyses in the Economics of Aging, pages 185-212 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Jerry A. Hausman & Bronwyn H. Hall & Zvi Griliches, 1984. "Econometric Models for Count Data with an Application to the Patents-R&D Relationship," NBER Technical Working Papers 0017, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Mohamed Ali Ben Halima & Thierry Debrand & Camille Regaert, 2012. "Sick Leaves: Understanding Disparities Between French Departments," Working Papers, IRDES institut for research and information in health economics DT50, IRDES institut for research and information in health economics, revised Oct 2012.
  5. Brown, Sarah & Sessions, John G, 1996. " The Economics of Absence: Theory and Evidence," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 10(1), pages 23-53, March.
  6. Shapiro, Carl & Stiglitz, Joseph E, 1984. "Equilibrium Unemployment as a Worker Discipline Device," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 74(3), pages 433-44, June.
  7. Grossman, Michael, 1972. "On the Concept of Health Capital and the Demand for Health," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 80(2), pages 223-55, March-Apr.
  8. Chamberlain, Gary, 1980. "Analysis of Covariance with Qualitative Data," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 47(1), pages 225-38, January.
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