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Baisse du recours aux soins dans les zones rurales en Chine

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  • Carine Milcent

    (EEP-PSE - Ecole d'Économie de Paris - Paris School of Economics - Ecole d'Économie de Paris, PSE - Paris-Jourdan Sciences Economiques - CNRS : UMR8545 - École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (EHESS) - École des Ponts ParisTech (ENPC) - École normale supérieure [ENS] - Paris - Institut national de la recherche agronomique (INRA), Tsinghua University [Beijing] - Tsinghua University)

Abstract

Alors que de nombreux travaux ont été effectués à propos de l'effet de l'assurance santé sur la demande de soins, l'effet de l'urbanisation, du processus d'industrialisation et les changements de l'offre de soins n'ont reçu jusqu'ici que peu d'attention. Les données mobilisées proviennent du China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) couvrant la période 1991-2006. Avec le processus d'industrialisation, le nombre d'habitants des zones rurales ayant une activité agricole se réduit. Les zones rurales en voie d'urbanisation développent en priorité les systèmes de transport. L'offre de soins, sous l'impulsion de l'état central et provincial s'est modifiée. Les soins offerts sont de meilleure qualité, l'infrastructure publique s'est concentrée et est mieux équipée et une infrastructure privée et de proximité s'est développée. Par ailleurs, le financement public des établissements publics s'est fortement réduit et les établissements ont utilisé les médicaments et les actes de diagnostic comme générateur de profit. Au final, les habitants des zones rurales travaillant à l'extérieur et ayant un revenu conséquent ont accès à des soins de meilleure qualité qu'avant les réformes économiques. En revanche, les fermiers ayant un faible revenu et peu de mobilité ont vu leur situation se dégrader. Nous montrons que ce constat est d'autant plus vrai que la zone rurale est en développement.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HAL in its series PSE Working Papers with number halshs-00653450.

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Date of creation: Dec 2011
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Handle: RePEc:hal:psewpa:halshs-00653450

Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00653450
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Keywords: Assurance santé ; Chine ; Urbanisation ; Industrialisation ; Rural;

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