Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

Aid for trade in developing countries: complex linkages for real effectiveness

Contents:

Author Info

  • Maryline Huchet-Bourdon

    ()
    (SMART - Structures et Marché Agricoles, Ressources et Territoires - Agrocampus Ouest - Institut national de la recherche agronomique (INRA) : UMR1302)

  • Anna Lipchitz

    (ONU_Mission permanente de la France - ONU_Mission permanente de la France)

  • Audrey Rousson

    (AFD_Agence Française de Développement - AFD_Agence Française de Développement)

Abstract

L'aide au commerce, présentée comme un nouvel outil de développement prometteur, vise à soutenir l'intégration commerciale des pays en développement. Il manque néanmoins à cette aide, pour asseoir son efficacité et respecter les engagements politiques des donateurs, une dimension stratégique. D'un point de vue théorique, cette étude présente les différentes catégories d'aide au commerce et analyse les relations entre IDE, aide au commerce et développement. Elle propose également une typologie des besoins liés au commerce pour un panel de pays afin de guider les bailleurs de fonds dans la définition de leurs stratégies d'offre. Cette typologie met en avant des disparités aux niveaux national et régional, ainsi qu'une faible intégration régionale. Les besoins liés au commerce, particulièrement forts pour les régions de l'Afrique de l'Ouest et de l'Afrique de l'Est, sont importants dans le secteur des infrastructures. Cet article souligne également l'importance d'affiner la formulation des demandes réelles du côté des bénéficiaires, de structurer l'offre des bailleurs en fonction de leurs propres compétences et d'approfondir la coordination entre les différentes parties prenantes, dont acteurs publics et acteurs privés. Enfin, une libéralisation plus poussée des échanges ne suffira pas, à elle seule, à enclencher une croissance forte et à améliorer la répartition géographique et sectorielle des IDE. Des facteurs comme la stabilité politique, l'environnement des entreprises, l'infrastructure matérielle, les institutions et le capital humain sont également des dimensions fondamentales. En particulier, une cohérence entre politiques commerciales, sectorielles, macroéconomiques et fiscales est impérative, pour chaque pays et chaque région mais également entre pays industrialisés et PED. / Aid for trade is intended to support the integration of developing countries into the world trading system. Although this form of aid is being hailed as a promising new development tool, it lacks the strategic dimension that it needs if it is to be truly effective and fulfil donors' policy commitments. From a theoretical perspective, this paper presents the various aid-for-trade categories and analyses the linkages between foreign direct investment, aid for trade and development. It also presents a typology of trade-related needs for a panel of countries, to serve as a guide for donors in formulating their aid supply strategies. This typology reveals a number of disparities between countries and regions, as well as a low level of regional integration. Trade-related needs are particularly significant in West Africa and East Africa, and substantial in the infrastructure sector. This paper also stresses the importance of refining the formulation of actual demand by beneficiaries, structuring the aid supply in accordance with donors' specific areas of expertise and enhancing coordination among the various stakeholders, both public and private. Lastly, further trade liberalisation will not by itself suffice to generate strong growth and improve the geographical and sectoral distribution of foreign direct investment. Factors such as political stability, the business climate, physical infrastructure, institutions and human capital also play a fundamental role. Of particular importance is the coherence of trade, sectoral, macroeconomic and tax policies, not only within each country and region but also between industrialised and developing countries.

Download Info

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
File URL: http://hal-agrocampus-ouest.archives-ouvertes.fr/docs/00/72/98/34/PDF/057-document-travail-VA.pdf
Download Restriction: no

Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number hal-00729834.

as in new window
Length:
Date of creation: 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-00729834

Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://hal-agrocampus-ouest.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00729834
Contact details of provider:
Web page: http://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/

Related research

Keywords: COMMERCE ; PAYS EN DEVELOPPEMENT;

Other versions of this item:

References

References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
as in new window
  1. David H. Romer & Jeffrey A. Frankel, 1999. "Does Trade Cause Growth?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 89(3), pages 379-399, June.
  2. Wilson, Norbert L.W., 2006. "Linkages amongst Foreign Direct Investment, Trade and Trade Policy: An Economic Analysis with Applications to the Food Sector," 2006 Annual meeting, July 23-26, Long Beach, CA 21064, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
  3. Douglas C. Lippoldt & Przemyslaw Kowalski, 2005. "Trade Preference Erosion: Expanded Assessment of Countries at Risk of Welfare Losses," OECD Trade Policy Papers 20, OECD Publishing.
  4. Ronald Mendoza & Chandrika Bahadur, 2002. "Toward Free and Fair Trade: A Global Public Good Perspective," Challenge, M.E. Sharpe, Inc., vol. 45(5), pages 21-62, September.
  5. Dani Rodrik & Arvind Subramanian & Francesco Trebbi, 2004. "Institutions Rule: The Primacy of Institutions Over Geography and Integration in Economic Development," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 9(2), pages 131-165, 06.
  6. James A. Robinson & Daron Acemoglu, 2000. "Political Losers as a Barrier to Economic Development," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(2), pages 126-130, May.
  7. Jean-Pierre Cling, 2006. "Commerce, croissance, pauvreté et inégalités dans les PED : une revue de littérature," Working Papers DT/2006/07, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
  8. Wilson, John S. & Mann, Catherine L. & Otsuki, Tsunehiro, 2004. "Assessing the potential benefit of trade facilitation : A global perspective," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3224, The World Bank.
  9. Robert E. Hall & Charles I. Jones, 1999. "Why Do Some Countries Produce So Much More Output per Worker than Others?," NBER Working Papers 6564, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

Citations

Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
as in new window

Cited by:
  1. Alberto Behar & Philip Manners & Benjamin D. Nelson, 2013. "Exports and International Logistics," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 75(6), pages 855-886, December.
  2. Mariana Vijil & Laurent Wagner, 2010. "Does aid for trade enhance export performance? Investigating on the infrastructure channel," Working Papers SMART - LERECO 10-07, INRA UMR SMART.

Lists

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

Statistics

Access and download statistics

Corrections

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-00729834. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (CCSD).

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.