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Information Technology Conceptualization: Respective Contributions of Sociology and Information Systems

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  • François-Xavier De Vaujany

    ()
    (DRM - Dauphine Recherches en Management - CNRS : UMR7088 - Université Paris IX - Paris Dauphine)

Abstract

This article analyzes the different phases the Information Systems--Sociology relationship has gone through and points out some specific features of sociologists and Information Systems scientists in their conceptualization of Information Technology (IT). It shows that both academic fields develop more and more convergent theorizations. The first part is centered on an historical analysis of sociology itself. It shows the great comeback of the Object within the sociological field at the beginning of the 80s. Different models have been developed from the generalized kinds of sociology to those that have been focused on the social construction of the Object. These make up sociological groups, which we call "autonomous". The second part presents the sociological approaches used and worked out in the domain of Information Systems (IS). These are presented by means of three historical moments (causalist, actor-based and processual). For each of these stages the influence of sociologies, notably those that deal with the Object, is obvious and models are more or less "illuminated" by means of broader perspectives. In the third part, there is a discussion of ontological differences between the work of sociologists studying IS objects and the work of IS researchers drawing on sociologists' conceptual contributions. Lastly, it seems that if sociology and Information Systems sometimes diverge in the way they study sociotechnical systems, they converge gradually in their conceptualization of the IT artifact.

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File URL: http://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/docs/00/64/44/28/PDF/Journal_of_Information_Technology_Impact-ITconceptualization.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number hal-00644428.

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Date of creation: 2005
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Publication status: Published, Journal of Information Technology Impacts, 2005, 5, 1, 39-58
Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-00644428

Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00644428/en/
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Keywords: Sociology; management; sociotechnical approaches; research; epistemology.;

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  1. François-Xavier de Vaujany, 2005. "Modelling IT use: an archetypal approach," Development and Comp Systems 0509020, EconWPA.
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