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La méthode Inondabilité : appropriation par les hydrologues de la vulnérabilité dans le diagnostic sur le risque d'inondation

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Author Info

  • Michel Lang

    (UR HHLY - Hydrologie-Hydraulique - CEMAGREF)

  • Bernard Chastan

    (UR HHLY - Hydrologie-Hydraulique - CEMAGREF)

  • Frédéric Grelot

    (UMR G-EAU - Gestion de l'Eau, Acteurs et Usages - CIRAD : UMR90 - IRD - CEMAGREF-UR IRMO - AgroParisTech)

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    Abstract

    La méthode Inondabilité a été développée dans les années 1990 par le Cemagref pour disposer d'un outil d'évaluation du risque d'inondation à l'échelle du bassin versant et proposer un cadre de négociation sur la notion de risque acceptable. Elle repose sur l'idée d'exprimer aléa (intensité physique du phénomène naturel) et vulnérabilité (sensibilité d'un usage du sol aux inondations) avec une même unité hydrologique, la période de retour. Pour l'aléa, il s'agit de la période de retour de la première crue inondante. Pour la vulnérabilité, l'usager indique le niveau de protection souhaité en terme de période de retour, le corollaire étant qu'il accepte ou tolère d'être inondé par des crues plus importantes. Après un rappel sur les principes de la méthode Inondabilité, nous présentons une discussion sur la définition hydrologique de la vulnérabilité, et un travail complémentaire effectué sur l'évaluation économique du consentement à payer pour bénéficier de mesures de protection contre les inondations. / The Inondabilite method has been developed in the nineties by Cemagref as a tool for flood risk assessment at a basin scale. The main idea was to propose a framework of negotiation on acceptable flood risk. Both components, flood hazard and flood vulnerabilty were defined as a return period, the former being related to the first overflowing event, the latter being related to the expected level of protection. After a presentation on the Inondabilite framework, a discussion gives the advantages and limitations of such hydrological assessment of flood vulnerability. A complementary work is presented on the economical assessment of the willingness of population to pay for flood risk mitigation.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number hal-00493184.

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    Date of creation: 2009
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    Publication status: Published, Risques et environnement : recherches interdisciplinaires sur la vulnérabilité des sociétés, L'Harmattan (Ed.), 2009, 244-255
    Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-00493184

    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00493184
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    Web page: http://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/

    Related research

    Keywords: Inondabilité; Vulnerabilité; Crue; Evaluation des risques; Economie; Aléa; Consentement à payer;

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    1. Leonard Shabman & Kurt Stephenson, 1996. "Searching for the Correct Benefit Estimate: Empirical Evidence for an Alternative Perspective," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 72(4), pages 433-449.
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