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The Effect of Malaria on Settlement and Land Use: Evidence from the Brazilian Amazon

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  • Shufang Zhang

    ()

  • Marcia C. Castro

    ()
    (Harvard School of Public Health)

  • David Canning

    ()
    (Harvard School of Public Health)

Abstract

We estimate the effect of malaria on settlement and land use patterns in the Brazilian Amazon, where potential settlers were randomly assigned to plots in a newly opened settlement area. The random assignment allows us to estimate the risk of malaria on each plot based only on its characteristics. Using survey data, we find that a high malaria risk significantly reduces the probability that a plot is inhabited. Using satellite images, we find that a high malaria risk does not reduce forest clearance or crop coverage on a plot. Non-resident farming substitutes for physical inhabitation when malaria risk is high.

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File URL: http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/pgda/WorkingPapers/2011/PGDA_WP_77.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Program on the Global Demography of Aging in its series PGDA Working Papers with number 7711.

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Date of creation: Nov 2011
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Handle: RePEc:gdm:wpaper:7711

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Web page: http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/pgda
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Keywords: malaria; settlement; land use; Brazil; Amazon;

This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

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  1. Nur, El Tahir Mohamed, 1993. "The impact of malaria on labour use and efficiency in the Sudan," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 37(9), pages 1115-1119, November.
  2. Wang'Ombe, Joseph K. & Mwabu, Germano M., 1993. "Agricultural land use patterns and malaria conditions in Kenya," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 37(9), pages 1121-1130, November.
  3. David Cutler & Winnie Fung & Michael Kremer & Monica Singhal & Tom Vogl, 2010. "Early-Life Malaria Exposure and Adult Outcomes: Evidence from Malaria Eradication in India," American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, American Economic Association, vol. 2(2), pages 72-94, April.
  4. Douglas Gollin & Christian Zimmermann, 2007. "Malaria: Disease Impacts and Long-Run Income Differences," Working papers 2007-30, University of Connecticut, Department of Economics, revised Apr 2010.
  5. Heckman, James J, 1979. "Sample Selection Bias as a Specification Error," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 47(1), pages 153-61, January.
  6. Adrienne M. Lucas, 2010. "Malaria Eradication and Educational Attainment: Evidence from Paraguay and Sri Lanka," American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, American Economic Association, vol. 2(2), pages 46-71, April.
  7. Laxminarayan, Ramanan, 2003. "Does Reducing Malaria Improve Household Living Standards?," Discussion Papers dp-03-50, Resources For the Future.
  8. Chima, Reginald Ikechukwu & Goodman, Catherine A. & Mills, Anne, 2003. "The economic impact of malaria in Africa: a critical review of the evidence," Health Policy, Elsevier, vol. 63(1), pages 17-36, January.
  9. Cutler, David M. & Singhal, Monica & Vogl, Tom & Fung, Winnie & Kremer, Michael R., 2010. "Early-Life Malaria Exposure and Adult Outcomes: Evidence from Malaria Eradication in India," Scholarly Articles 5344529, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  10. Hoyt Bleakley, 2010. "Malaria Eradication in the Americas: A Retrospective Analysis of Childhood Exposure," American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, American Economic Association, vol. 2(2), pages 1-45, April.
  11. Fernandez Castilla, Rogelio E. & Sawyer, Diana Oya, 1993. "Malaria rates and fate: A socioeconomic study of malaria in Brazil," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 37(9), pages 1137-1145, November.
  12. Sawyer, Donald, 1993. "Economic and social consequences of malaria in new colonization projects in Brazil," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 37(9), pages 1131-1136, November.
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