Change and diversity in smallholder rice-fish systems: Recent evidence from Bangladesh
AbstractEfforts to unlock the genetic potential of both rice and fish, when combined with efforts to improve the management of riceâ€“fish systems, have considerable proven potential for increasing agricultural productivity and food security. In Bangladesh, estimates suggest that the countryâ€™s potential riceâ€“fish production system encompasses between two and three million hectares of land. Despite three decades of research on biophysical and technical aspects of riceâ€“fish systems, this potential has not been realized fully due to insufficient attention given to the social, economic, and policy dimensions of system improvement. This paper provides a characterization of the diverse and changing nature of riceâ€“fish systems in Bangladesh by combining data from a novel upazilla-level (sub-district-level) survey of fishery officers with household surveys, focus group discussions, and a meta-review of the literature on aquaculture in the country. The resulting analysis sheds new light on the economic viability of different riceâ€“fish systems and recommends policy and investment options to further improve the development and delivery of riceâ€“fish technologies. Findings indicate that in addition to concurrent riceâ€“fish systems, alternating riceâ€“fish systems and collectively managed systems offer considerable potential for increasing productivity and farm incomes in Bangladesh. Findings also suggest that although the emergent innovation system around these riceâ€“fish systems is fairly dynamic, there is a need for more supportive policies and investmentsâ€”and analysis of the intended and unintended impacts of these policies and investments.
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) in its series IFPRI discussion papers with number 1220.
Date of creation: 2012
Date of revision:
productivity; income; Policies; rice-fish systems; aquaculture; Household survey; Cereal Systems Initiative for South Asia (CSISA);
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-AGR-2012-12-15 (Agricultural Economics)
- NEP-ALL-2012-12-15 (All new papers)
- NEP-EFF-2012-12-15 (Efficiency & Productivity)
- NEP-ENV-2012-12-15 (Environmental Economics)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Clark, Norman & Hall, Andy & Sulaiman, Rasheed & Naik, Guru, 2003. "Research as Capacity Building: The Case of an NGO Facilitated Post-Harvest Innovation System for the Himalayan Hills," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 31(11), pages 1845-1863, November.
- Toufique, Kazi Ali & Gregory, Rick, 2008. "Common waters and private lands: Distributional impacts of floodplain aquaculture in Bangladesh," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 33(6), pages 587-594, December.
- Murshed-E-Jahan, Khondker & Pemsl, Diemuth E., 2011. "The impact of integrated aquaculture-agriculture on small-scale farm sustainability and farmers' livelihoods: Experience from Bangladesh," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 104(5), pages 392-402, June.
- Neha Kumar & Agnes Quisumbing, 2011. "Access, adoption, and diffusion: understanding the long-term impacts of improved vegetable and fish technologies in Bangladesh," Journal of Development Effectiveness, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 3(2), pages 193-219.
- Dey, M.M. & Briones, R.M. & Garcia, Y.T. & Nissapa, A. & Rodriguez, U.P. & Talukder, R.K. & Senaratne, A. & Omar, I.H. & Koeshendrajana, S. & Khiem, N.T. & Yew, T.S. & Weimin, M. & Jayakody, D.S. & Ku, 2008. "Strategies and options for increasing and sustaining fisheries and aquaculture production to benefit poorer households in Asia," Working Papers, The WorldFish Center, number 37959.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: ().
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.